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A Christmas Carol In a Christmas Carol, Dickens uses some of his past childhood experiences to show us that Christmas is very important and many messages come across in this book.

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In a Christmas Carol, Dickens uses some of his past childhood experiences to show us that Christmas is very important and many messages come across in this book. It is split up into five 'staves.' The reason that they are staves instead of chapters as staves are used in music and it is called a Christmas 'carol.' In most cases, when people hear the word 'Christmas', we think of a time for giving and sharing with people less fortunate, a time for being thankful for everything we have no matter how little or how big, a chance to spend time with the people we love, joking, laughing and smiling. Generally a good time is had by all. Possibly the only exception is Scrooge. Scrooge is a cruel, cold, heartless, unwelcoming character who changes his heart and mind at Christmas. What messages were given by Dickens about Christmas? Can we change our hearts and ourselves just like Scrooge? Scrooge is an elderly miser. He's living in the Victorian times when it was quite different to how we live nowadays, especially at Christmas. When we wake up on Christmas morning, the first thing we want to do is open our presents hoping someone has remembered what we asked for, watch others open gifts we've bought, cram as much turkey down our throats as possible and have parties with friends and family. In the Victorian times, they celebrated the birth of Christ. Even the poor who had hardly anything thanked God for all that they had, even though it was so little. ...read more.


Scrooge doesn't go out of his way to see people, just like an oyster. The use of this simile is really effective because you can associate him with being right at the depths of the ocean, far away from everything, just like he is portrayed in the story. Later on, Dickens uses pathetic fallacy to describe Scrooge. He says that 'The Cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shriveled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice.' I think it has been used really well as Christmas is a cold time and that is how Dickens has described scrooge. He uses cold weather as opposed to warm weather to describe him. I also think it was really effective as when the weather is cold, everyone stays indoors to keep away from the coldness, so by relating Scrooge to the cold it is saying that people will be staying away from him because he is just like the freezing cold winter weather. Also, when it is cold, the coldness spreads and people feel a bit depressed when it is not nice weather. This is just like Scrooge. His coldness and bitterness spreads around his workplace, and his colleagues. In the book, even though it is a cold day, Scrooge only has a 'very small fire', and his clerk, Bob's fire was 'so very much smaller that it looked like one coal.' ...read more.


When I read it, I found it quite funny that Scrooge can blame someone of 'picking a man's pocket,' when that's what he does constantly. I think this sentence was written effectively because here is this mean, cold man telling a patient person about how he is 'stealing' from him. I think it really works. Near the end of stave 1, it talks about how Scrooge takes his 'melancholy dinner in his usual melancholy tavern; and having read all his papers and beguiled the evening with his banker's book, went home to bed.' This just shows the monotony that occurs on Scrooge's Christmas Eve. Nothing special happens. It's the same as any other day. I like how Dickens used the repetitiveness of the word 'melancholy,' as it just highlights how sad, depressed and boring his evening is. You can just imagine the street at which he lives. People in all the houses are laughing, enjoying themselves, singing, spending time together, apart from one man. All Christmas decorations are put up and the rooms are all bright, cheery and warm apart from in one home - Scrooge's! After reading the final part, Stave 5, our feeling towards Scrooge changes dramatically and we start to feel empathetic because of his changes. Just the first sentence in the 5th Stave shows something has changed. A Holophrastic phrase is exclaimed and it is a total change from the 1st Stave. It says 'Yes!' Although Scrooge doesn't actually say it, it is a positive comment which we rarely saw in the first Stave. A Christmas Carol Essay 1 By Rachel Derry ...read more.

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