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A Christmas Carol - summary of theme and narrative

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Introduction

A Christmas Carol As part of my English coursework I have studied a pre 19th century book written by Charles Dickens called "A Christmas Carol", the book was published in 1843 and the story is set at Christmas time in London, England. I think that the writer's main intention of writing this book is to show change, Charles Dickens uses Scrooge as a miserable old man around the happiest time of the year, and he is trying to show that not everyone is having a good time at Christmas, also I think that he is showing how Scrooge forces himself to work so hard to stay clear of debt, because as we already know Dickens father went to a debtors' prison.Another theme is that change is possible however set we are in our ways. Dickens imagines the most miserable and hard-hearted man he can, and shows how he can be reformed if he sees his responsibilities. The social and historical background in which this book was written is that Scrooge is a wealthy man and his occupancy is a money lender. ...read more.

Middle

As a young man working for Mr. Fezziwig he did not become greedy for the sake of it but a fear of poverty which drives him to work so hard that he forgets about the important things in life and now he is working for all the money he can get, working to earn lots of money becomes Scrooges passion, he does this so he is sure to stay clear of poverty. Dickens makes us feel sorry for Scrooge because he does not find any pleasure in his wealth, he does not spend any of his money on himself and he definitely does not spend money on others. Scrooge's appearance is a small, slim, grey haired man, and he wears a hat for most of the time. He looks like an unhappy man and as we read further into the book we find that this is true. As we read Stave 1 we get the impression that Scrooge is a very miserable, unkind, selfish, ignorant man, but if we read on we can find out why Scrooge has come to be like this. ...read more.

Conclusion

Dickens uses a lot of speech in the book which creates an atmosphere, there has been a lot of films about "a Christmas carol" this is because the dialogue is very easy to follow. Another technique which Dickens uses is that when the spirits are visiting scrooge they do not tell him what he has done wrong but they let him see what he has done with his own eyes. The first two spirits especially do this. The Ghost of Christmas Past argues that Mr. Fezziwig has done nothing special, causing Scrooge to praise his generosity. And the Ghost of Christmas Present quotes Scrooge's own earlier words so that Scrooge can see why they are wrong. Elsewhere, but Marley's ghost does tell Scrooge what he has done wrong. On a whole I think that this book was an extremely good one with a powerful message, Dickens uses such a cold-hearted man so that it has a larger effect upon the audience when they see his changes. I think that the message of the story should be that nothing is impossible, even a man like Scrooge changed, so Dickens is basically saying that anybody can change. ...read more.

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