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A consideration of the genre of Gothic horror writing with reference to its influence on Modern Horror.

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Introduction

Clare Simpson 10GF Mon.07.07.03 A Consideration of the Genre of Gothic Horror Writing with reference to its influence on Modern Horror. "Gothic", a term primarily used to describe the style of architecture that flourished in Western Europe during the twelfth and sixteenth centuries. However, the word "Gothic" was originally familiarised be Italian Renaissance writers as a term for all art and architecture of the middle ages, which they recognised as comparable to the works of the barbarian Goths. The Gothic period or last medieval era immediately followed the Romanesque style, which is now universally considered as one of Europe's outstanding artistic Genres. Gothic idiom reached its greatest heights of expression in the of of Literature. The style of writing was most popular in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and still prevails today. The revival of the gothic phenomenon coincided with the rise of a type of romantic fiction that predominated English Literature through out the late 18th century. The principle elements were violence, the grotesque, the super-natural, and were often pictured in ruined Gothic castles or Abbes. Such buildings were characterised by pointed arches, ribbed vaults and narrow, flying buttresses, which constituted an extremely heavy structure. In that period, Authors of "the Gothic" emphasised mystery and horror, encouraging the reader to experience the ghastly trills that would prevail in ghost-haunted rooms, under-ground passages and upon secret stairways. ...read more.

Middle

The Raven's tapping seems endless to link the idea of madness. "While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping - rapping at my chamber door." The assonance in the words "napping", "rapping" and "tapping" gives the relentless noise, which is intended to drive the reader crazy and emphasises that fact the there is no peace or rest from the tapping. Poe used many effects in his stories. Near the end of "The Fall of the House of Usher", he comments on the "radiance of the blood of the red moon." This example of pathetic fallacy could be taken to signify the end of the world. His work, like many other Gothic writers, has underlying messages entwined in his storylines. In Bram Stoker's "Dracula", there are several lines that include pathetic fallacy to emphasise the mood, "...bathed in sot yellow moonlight, till it was almost as light as day. In the soft light the distant hills became melted, and the shadows in the valleys and gorges of velvety blackness" Theses lines give the impression that the mood and the weather were slightly unusual that day, and the use of the colours yellow and black, the colours of danger, show that although the scene was described as thought it is harmless, this is possibly not the case. Many of the underlying messages were apparent as when Poe was describing "The House of Usher," he said that there had been so many ...read more.

Conclusion

Stephen King is an author whose horror and fantasy tales enjoy tremendous popular success. His thrilling plots and productive output helped re-establish horror fiction as a vital literary genre in the late 20th century. His works are known for turning ordinary situations- such as peer pressure, marital stress and infidelity- in to terrifying ones. These ideas originate directly from the Gothic era. His first novel, "Carrie", was about a woman who exacts deadly revenge on her high-school classmates by using her powers of telekinesis, the ability to move objects without touching them. On the young Adult section in a library, you will find over half the books are horror novels. Titles such as "Nightmares", "Fear Street", "Goosebumps" and most famous of all "Point Horror" are common, and all contain elements of Gothic Horror. The ideas of premature burial, life and death and Frankenstein/Dracula type horrors are some of the ideas for story lines and they all originate from the gothic Horror Genre. The Gothic style has shown to be successful and popular with all ages and generations of readers. Even today, poets, writers and film directors are taking their inspiration from Gothic Literature. The Genre has evolved and developed into a new style adapted for the modern age. The Gothic Genre today has remained an elusive minor literary upheaval that has had immense influence on genres today. The literary motifs produced by Horace Warpole can be found scattered through all forms of Literature, yet the Gothic novel has been left and has all but vanished from the main body of western culture. ...read more.

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