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"A Doll's House"

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Introduction

Henrik Ibsen was born in 1828 on the coast of Norway into a middle class family. When he was 6 years of age, due to financial loss, his family were forced to move to a smaller house in the country and his education was disruppted. Ibsen had to work as an apprentice and study in the evening this alienated him from his family and he was never to reunite with them. In 1849 his first play was published and was a disaster. Ibsen altered his style of writing to accommodate the trend of the era which was romanticism. His second play the "The Warrior's Borrow" was a success. Ibsen then acquired a job as "Dramatic Author" at the Norwegian Theatre which included all parts of the theatre production directing, designing sets and costumes as well as financial and business aspects. At this point in time, Ibsen was successful as light comedy, romanticism and melodrama were the main subjects he wrote about. ...read more.

Middle

As I stated earlier on Ibsen wanted to move away from this style and on to a different on. Ibsen helped develop a new genre of theatre along with Shaw called Naturalistic. This type of drama was classed as "The new theatre" which dealt with real life situations, morals and social issues. Some critics found this style of drama scandalous which dented its popularity in the early stages. The first play to generate positive remarks from the critics was Ibsen's play "A Dolls House". This play put the dilemmas of a women striving for her own freedom and rights. This genre of play shocked the audience because it was so different from the norm (The well made play). The play "A Doll's House" had a different structure to the well made play. It did not conclude with everything ending up all peachy, because Nora leaves Torvald with the sound of her slamming the front door out onto the street. ...read more.

Conclusion

In "A Doll's House", the Helmers appear to be quite affluent. They have a nice home, servants and are a happy and friendly family. They are excited about Christmas but more so about Torvald's promotion, at the bank, as this will make them more acceptable in society. Nora's laps in moral standards by borrowing money and forging he fathers signature was done for a very good reason but it is pushed to the side with a feeling of "out of sight out of mind". However it is really the main issue of the play. When eventually the issue comes out in the open, Nora's initial reaction is to run away and commit suicide, while Torvald thinks about the disgrace and resigning his position at the bank. There is no communication or understanding between husband and wife which was typical for that period. The hereditary aspect is intertwined into the play through Dr. Rank and Nora. Dr. Rank inherited his spinal tuberculosis from his father because of the way he led his life. Nora's father was renowned for his ability to spend a lot of money which she seems to have inherited. ...read more.

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