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A dolls house - Plot and subplot.

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Introduction

Plot and subplot The play is set in Victorian Norway. Mrs Nora Helmer and Mr Torvald Helmer seem, on the surface to live a very happy middle class life. But from the outset of the play we see that there may be cracks in this relationship. In the first scene we see Nora lie to her husband about eating macaroons. The way that her husband talks to her is very patronising in this section and the rest of the play. "Has my little songbird been indulging herself in town today?" We can see therefore, from the outset that Torvald treats Nora as a chid, and consequently they cannot have a healthy adult relationship. We also find in this section a key idea to the play's plot. Her husband continually calls her a "spendthrift". This statement is justified as we see that in the beginning of the play Nora tips the porter heavily. We also learn of hteir attitudes to taking out loans. Nora is trying to persuade Helmer to take out a loan to pay for Christmas. He replies, "Nora you know how I feel about this, never borrow, no debts!" Later that day Nora's old friend Mrs Christine Linde visits her. Mrs Linde also treats Nora like a child. ...read more.

Middle

A songbird must have a clean beak to sing with or she'll start twittering out of tune." Torvald explains to Nora why he dislikes Mr Krogstad so much- because he forged someone else's name. He explains to Nora that now his children will be poisoned by his lies. The scene ends with Nora questioning herself if she too is poisoning her children. Mrs Linde comes to talk to Nora and the conversation turns to Dr Rank. Nora tells Mrs Linde of how she can talk to Dr Rank. While Mrs Linde is out of the room Nora again pleads with Helmer to protect Krogstad's job at the bank.. Torvald gets annoyed at her and so immediately writes a letter to Krogstad sacking him. Dr Rank arrives to tell Nora that he is dying and that when he goes into hospital he doesn't want them to visit so he shall send them a note with a black cross on it so they know he is at his end. Nora then tries to flirt with Dr Rank to cheer him up but it backfires when Dr Rank tells her he loves her. Dr Rank leaves to see Helmer and Krogstad arrives to talk in secret with Nora he tells her he's lost his job and says he will tell her husband. ...read more.

Conclusion

Suddenly another letter arrives from Krogstad it is the I.O.U. Torvald realises now that his reputation can't be damaged and so suddenly forgives Nora and pretends everything is as it was. But Nora realises everything is not the same. She realises that he does not understand her and even though they have been married eight years they do not know each other and have never had a serious talk together. She realises she has never really loved him, only had fun with him. She decides to leave him so she may find out the truth about herself and life. This play has many themes and parallels in it. First is the thought of corrupting your children. This is expressed in the fact that Torvald says Krogstad has corrupted his children by his forgery, that Dr Rank's father has corrupted him by his promiscuity and therefore given him syphilis and that Nora is corrupting her children with her lie. The second is the parallel between Christine and Nora. Nora has led her sheltered life with Helmer but is now going out in the world to be herself. Mrs Linde however has always had a hard life trying to support her family and now she is together with Krogstad she will have someone to look after her and care for her. ...read more.

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