• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A sense of entrapment pervades both 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' and 'The Handmaid's Tale'. Explore the theme of entrapment in these two texts, making careful comparisons between them and commenting particularly on the narrative strategy of each text.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rebecca Speakman A sense of entrapment pervades both 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' and 'The Handmaid's Tale'. Explore the theme of entrapment in these two texts, making careful comparisons between them and commenting particularly on the narrative strategy of each text. In many works originating from periods of time in which repression in society was apparent, the freedom to express such individuality in itself becomes the focus. It can be said that the theme of entrapment is explored in both of these novels and that it is a pervasive image throughout. There is a really complex relationship between narrator and narrative in 'The Handmaid's Tale'. Margaret Atwood has written the novel in the First person narrative form, seeing everything exclusively through the eyes of her chosen narrative character, Offred. Although written in the First person, it reads as an interior monologue and the tantalising element of this novel is that our questions are only answered bit by bit; certain information is withheld to lure us on into the story. The First person in the dystopian novel tells us directly her feelings and about her situation and part of the novel's power comes from that. ...read more.

Middle

Thomas Hardy was considered a fatalist. Fatalism is a view of life, which insists that all action everywhere is controlled by the nature of things or by a power superior to things. It grants the existence of Fate, a great impersonal, primitive force, existing from all eternity, absolutely independent of human will. Due to his fatalistic outlook of life, Hardy presents the character of Tess as having a variety of forces working against her efforts to control her destiny. Tess is a victim of a terrible hostile world in which all creatures are trapped within a cruel structure of determinism. Throughout the novel, Hardy invokes several discrete yet interrelated forms of determinism to make his protagonists fate seem inevitable. Tess is trapped both physically and emotionally in a deterministic universe, a universe in which the characters do not have any real choice or control over events, events that constitute an inexorable march towards some inevitable tragic conclusions. In most of Hardy's works, characterisation is juxtaposed with a capricious fate. Hardy is often seen as a pessimist, about humanity's place in the scene of things, God or Fate. In 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles', fate always reigns supreme, controlling the destinies of characters. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is as if that behind these wrong paths is the sense of how things could have been. Tess only might have only asked why she was doomed to figure in the distorted version of her life, for the question itself is rendered inappropriate in the fact of a universe, which twists order into chaos of wrong meanings. Thus the forces that conspire against Tess go far beyond mere events in which she gets involved and makes wrong decisions. In addition, the narration is everywhere buttressed by words such as, 'doomed' and 'destined' and this extensive use of foreshadowing is typical, especially in the earlier phases of the novel, which reinforce inevitability as an entrapping force for Tess. 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles', like other major works by Hardy, although technically a nineteenth century work, anticipates the twentieth century in regard to the nature and treatment of its subject matter. His works are not only a reflection of his personality but also the contemporary Victorian period. 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' deals with several significant contemporary issues for Hardy, including the struggles of religious belief that occurred in his lifetime. Thomas Hardy's novel is a traditional realist genre of a tragedy. This genre generates some of the entrapment giving us sense that Tess is doomed from the beginning. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Tess of the d'Urbervilles section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Tess of the d'Urbervilles essays

  1. Compare the ways in which the Writers of 'The Handmaid's Tale' and 'Tess of ...

    She has to bear the consequence of her rape ("that bastard gift of shameless Nature who respects not the social law") in a world not of "Christian justice" at all, but controlled by whimsical and uncaring pagan injustice. Sexism in society overrides even the controls imposed by destiny and ignorance in both novels.

  2. In many respects Tess is a victim of society, but what other factors contribute ...

    This discourages Tess from asking Angel's parents for help and she leaves empty-handed. Again, this is an example of the fate and coincidence theme that Hardy develops throughout the book. Clearly, Tess feels guilty about all that has happened and on later meeting Alec again realises that she is unable to escape her past.

  1. Hardy's skill in creating mood through the use of nature in his novel 'Tess ...

    Against this background Tess first encounters her destiny in the form of Angel Clare. Finally, when she leaves the safety of Marlott to go in search of her kinsmen things start to go wrong for Tess. Hardy again uses the difference of settings between the Vale of Blackmoor and Talbothays

  2. Tess od The D'urbervilles

    "'Are you afraid?' 'Oh no, sir--not of outdoor things; especially just now when the apple-blooth is falling, and everything is so green.' 'But you have your indoor fears--eh?' 'Well--yes, sir.' 'What of?' 'I couldn't quite say.'................. 'Life in general?' 'Yes, sir.'

  1. Essay to compare how the theme of tragedy is portrayed in Daphne du Maurier's ...

    The word "deadly" tells us Mary is traumatised by these stories so she feels violently ill, as though the stories have killed her innocence and she feels empathy for the people, as if she is dying with them. I think this word is used to show her negative feelings towards

  2. Tess of the Durbervilles

    Tess says 'to suppose myself the most miserable being on earth in the sight o' misery such as yours!' She feels bad for ever feeling so sorry for herself, and using comparisons to the awful tortures these animals faced, Hardy describes how Tess finds the reason to go on and stay strong.

  1. Tess Of The D'Urbervilles - review

    higher class 2 of the brothers are scared that they will be seen dancing with girls in a lower class than them and that they might lose their respect, but Angel still wishes to dance with them, so he goes over to the girls, and they ask him to choose

  2. Analyse Hardy’s use of symbolism and rustic characters in Tess of the D’Urbervilles.

    He is a handsome, amoral son of a wealthy merchant named Simon Strokes. He is a manipulative, sinister young man, and does everything he can to seduce the inexperienced Tess when she comes to work for his family. Another example is the Clare brothers, the siblings of Angel.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work