• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

A Study of Relationships Based on Six Pre-1914 Short Stories

Extracts from this document...


A Study of Relationships Based on Six Pre-1914 Short Stories In this essay, I will compare the relationships featured in six different pre-1914 short stories. The stories that I will be studying are: "The Unexpected", by Kate Chopin; "Tony Kytes, The Arch Deceiver", by Thomas Hardy; "News of The Engagement", by Arnold Bennett; "The Half Brothers", by Elizabeth Gaskell; "Country Living", by Guy de Maupassant; and "26 Men and a Girl", by Maxim Gorky. The first story I will assess is "The Unexpected", by Kate Chopin. The relationship between Randall and Dorothea was loving at first, they were extremely close and seemed to love each other a great deal: "The parting was bitter; the enforced separation ... too cruel an ordeal to bear." The story shows that Dorothea is not a conventional Victorian woman. The first example is, "the good-bye dragged with lingering kisses..." This would usually have been forbidden for a conventional Victorian woman, as parents usually forbade kissing, or even the couple being alone together, before marriage. Randall and Dorothea shared a loving relationship, but they seemed to love each other in different ways. In my opinion, Randall's love for Dorothea was sincere, and he cared deeply about her happiness and well-being: "If the worst should come I want you to have all I possess; what fortune I have must be yours." In contrast, Dorothea's love for Randall seems to be based entirely on his good looks; "She had sat daily gazing for hours upon his portrait". The fact that convinces me of the insincerity of her love for him is that she stopped loving him when he lost his good looks; "At the sight and touch of him something within her seemed to be shuddering, shrinking...She felt as if it was her heart, but it was only her love." The fact that she actually left Randall demonstrates that Dorothea was not a conventional Victorian woman. ...read more.


"...how we lay together thus by our dying mother... I reckon she sees us now... we shall soon be with her" William Preston had a change of heart towards Gregory; the fact that Gregory saved his son's life made him come to his senses, and realise how harshly he had treated him. "My father's last words were, 'God forgive me my hardness of heart towards the fatherless child!'" The first two stories, "The Unexpected", and "Tony Kytes, The Arch Deceiver" were tales of people being selfish and shallow, as I have previously mentioned. However "News of The Engagement" and "The Half Brothers" are stories about love and unselfishness. In "News of The Engagement", Phillip eventually decided not to tell his mother and Mr Nixon of his engagement so "that I would not intrude my joy on hers", as he wanted his mother to enjoy her happiness, instead of being distracted by his. He also was not annoyed to discover that someone else was important to his mother apart from him: "'I'm delighted.'" In "The Half Brothers", Mother was unselfish, because she married a man she didn't love just to ensure her child's happiness, and was nice to him, in spite of this: "A more dutiful wife...could never have been." Aunt Fanny was also unselfish: "She...thought more of her sister's welfare than she did of her own" The next story I will analyse is "Country Living" by Guy de Maupassant. This story is about sense of duty; the importance of good reputation in a small country community; the relationship between two neighbouring families; and the gulf between the rich and poor at that time. The Tuvache family insisted that they loved their children, but the feelings were more of duty than love. "...none too sure which of the heaving brood were theirs...quite incapable of telling them apart." When a rich couple offered to adopt their son, they were outraged that people with money were able to just come and offer to buy their child. ...read more.


Nevertheless, the relationship between Mother and Mr Nixon does conform to Gorky's claim; "People always need someone to love". The story shows that, even though she is a widowed old woman with a son, Sarah (Mother) still needs somebody to love. "The Half Brothers" is similar to "26 Men and a Girl", as both stories loosely describe a change of opinion about a character, which causes that person to be treated completely differently. This comes up when Mr Preston regrets treating Gregory badly after he saves his only (real) son, and the 26 men hurling abuse at the girl who was once their idol, after she failed to live up to their expectations. "Country Living" and "26 Men and a Girl" both end with the rejection of a member of the relationship. In "Country Living" it is because Charlot realised that he would have been better off if he had been 'sold', and Tanya realises that the 26 men had not been as kind as she thought. So both relationships ended with the realisation of a fact that had been true all along. Most of the relationships in this selection seem to focus on love. Although some of the relationships are not based on love, the characters always seem to love something or someone. For example, William Preston's relationship with Gregory was based on hatred and jealousy, but he truly loved Gregory's mother. In "26 Men and a Girl", Maxim Gorky explains this: "Like all human beings, we were unable to exist without worshipping at least something...People always need somebody to love." The relationships in all six stories, and even real-life relationships, all show this to be true. Randall's love for Dorothea, Milly, Unity and Hannah's love for Tony, the Mother's love for Mr Nixon, and the love that 26 bakery workers have for a girl who they barely know, exist because all people need to love something, or someone. For some this love is insincere, and for some it is true, but for everyone it exists. Emma Carvell ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Love Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Love Poetry essays

  1. Select any two stories from the section of "Nineteenth Century Short Stories" entitled "Togetherness?" ...

    Dorothea also begins questioning what she saw Randall as now his appearance had changed, "What hideous transformation had he undergone?" This suggests that the writer wants to give us the impression that Randall is no longer desirable and the word "hideous" suggest he has a scary and disturbing complexion.

  2. Compare and analyse themes of loss and isolation in looking for dad and the ...

    'You haven't both gone shopping; just the same, in my new black leather phone book there's your name and the disconnected number I still call.' There are two words that show that Harrison is a complete copy of his father.

  1. 'Looking For Dad,' and 'The Sick Equation' by Brian Patten, and 'Long Distance' by ...

    I think the poet tries to convince himself that even though people are getting married, they do not really want to. I think he does this because he is bitter and resentful towards everyone that falls in love. 'Long Distance' is a poem about death.

  2. Compare how "Nettles" and "Upon my Son" Show Love for their Child

    Furthermore the noun 'wound' suggests that the pain could be etched in his memory, as a wound is something you never forget unlike a scratch. Where as in "Upon my Son" the mother appears to have very unrealistic hopes as she seems to think that her son will not feel any pain in his life.

  1. Analyse, Long Distance by Tony Harrison, I Shall Return and The Barrier both written ...

    The theme of love moves from the lost love of the Harrison's father for his mother to Harrison's lost love for his father. This love is represented by the boys' actions such as repeatedly ringing the disconnected number in his new black leather phone book even though he does not get a reply.

  2. Write about and compare 'Across the Barricades' (Post 1914 book) and 'Far from the ...

    When violence breaks out and Romeo is banished. A radical solution is worked out involving Juliet taking a drug to fake her death. When messages go astray Romeo thinks that Juliet is really dead. In the confusion and mix up they both commit suicide.

  1. Southwest Airlines (SWA) - case study.

    This allows faster flight departures and arrivals. Therefore the airline can have their planes fly more routes each day. This difference leads to more revenue, which in turn allows them to offer lower airfare. 2. How has Southwest used the word "love" as a promotional tool? What does the word "love" have to do with the history of the airline?

  2. Cabaret - “The relationships in this film are based on selfish desires” Do you agree?

    Upon Brian's first meeting with Fritz, she instantly suggests that Brian tutor Fritz in English. Immediately after doing that, Sally arranges for Brian to translate a novel from German to English for writer Herr Ludwig for 50 marks. By doing this, Sally is illustrating that she cares for Brian and is interested in his well-being.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work