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A Tainted Scrutiny of Society.

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Introduction

A Tainted Scrutiny of Society Loss of innocence results naturally from one's increasing contact with the innate evil and savagery within themselves. Without a civilized society's guiding hand, an individual's instinctive evil and savagery take over their sense of order. In his novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses characters and symbols to demonstrate that the breakdown of civilization leads to inhumanity and savagery, thus showing that chaos thrives in the absence of order. Hunting can provide meat and satisfy hunger, but on the contrary, it can also kill and take away one's life wrongfully. At the beginning of the novel, Golding shows how Jack and his hunters hunt to provide meat for everyone and to satisfy Jack's thirst to hunt. "'We crept up-.' 'The pig squealed-.'... Ralph spoke. 'You let the fire out.' Jack checked, vaguely irritated by this irrelevance but too happy to let it worry him.' 'We can light the fire again. You should have been with us. Ralph. We had a smashing time.'"(73). In satisfying hunger, the hunters ignore society's more important tasks such as sustaining the fire. This is significant because from the very first hunt, we can contemplate the emergence of future conflicts. For example, a silent challenge between Jack and Ralph begins from this point. Amid them, hunting becomes a controversial subject. This is because they cannot be engrossed in the fire and hunting at the same time. ...read more.

Middle

The way that Ralph will be hunted, like a pig, enumerates the level of inhumanity to which the boys have been reduced to. At this point in the novel, there no longer remains a civilized society, and therefore hunting for Ralph illustrates that inhumanity and chaos increase in the absence of order & civilization. The emblematic implication of hunting is used in this novel, to demonstrate how savagery and sadistically determined behaviour can take over one's senses when no fetters of society are within reach to discourage it. In a microcosm of society, one person or character can prominently demonstrate the breakdown of civilization. In the beginning of this novel, Jack is shown as a character who can easily take the role of a leader, whether or not it is for the good of a civilized society. "The group of cloaked boys began to scatter from close line. The tall boy shouted at them. 'Choir! Stand still!' Wearily obedient, the choir huddled into line and stood there swaying in the sun."(16). This event foreshadows Jack's future role as a leader. At the beginning of the story he is reasonable and worried about his own and the group's rescue. Nevertheless, when he loses the first election as the boys voted on who will become their leader for their stay on the island, his envy cultivates after being ashamed at the first assembly. ...read more.

Conclusion

Jack decides to form his own society as more and more of the original choir boys begin joining him. His tribe consists mostly of hunters, or in more specific terms - savages. He uses this leadership over his tribe to recover his pride which eventually grows. To reinforce his pride, Jack hides his own image behind a mask. The paint assimilates the group and makes personal identity disappear thus making them stronger as a group who will lead away from civilization and order. By destroying their personal identity they lose their personal responsibility (Magill 827). Little by little, Jack seizes full control of the boys' minds and ignites in them a lust for killing and sadistic behaviour. Throughout the novel, he leads them farther away from a civilized society and closer towards acts of brutal inhumanity. In this novel, William Golding uses hunting as a symbol and Jack as a character to demonstrate that the breakdown of civilization leads to inhumanity and savagery, thus showing that chaos thrives in the absence of order. His purpose, through this allegorical novel, was to draw attention to the defects of human nature and how they are reflected in the way society functions. Looking at the world today, one can easily see how a dire leader influences his society and does little for common good. In this case, the author's message is similar to the true effects of nature. In his novel, Golding implies that between human nature and savagery, the only limitations are the manacles of civilization and order. Zainab Shaikh ...read more.

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