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According to Aristotelian philosophy a tragedy is a compressed development of a single plot.

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Introduction

According to Aristotelian philosophy a tragedy is a compressed development of a single plot. Aristotle's principles have been derived from Greek mythology. He studied their plays, which had been enacted and hence laid down a set of rules. All playwrights and authors have followed his rules for centuries his rules have been considered a guide to a well-written tragedy. Aristotle states that for a play to be a tragedy the play should consist of a genre and generic attributes. It should have a mimesis/imitation for Aristotle all literature was an art of imitation as artists imitated life to produce their literature the same with the audience they would try to mime what they had seen heard or read. A tragedy should have a proportion. It should be complete, serious and of appropriate magnitude. A tragedy should have a literature function it should invoke two kinds of emotions that is pity and fear. The emotional purging is needed. Character construction is needed. Tragic constructions all have two qualities by which they are judged; the characters should have the goodness in the moral sense and appropriate amount of social mores, truth life and consistency. Subcomponents of a tragic play, they should have six parts plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle and song. Literature and human nature, according to Aristotle our qualities are determined by our characters. ...read more.

Middle

Hamlet is purported to be one of the best play to be written by Shakespeare. It is a classis example of a tragedy where the hero suffers and eventually dies in the end. In every tragedy the character must display some amount of freewill. If every action were controlled by fate then the death couldn't have been avoided. But the sad thing is that in a tragedy it could have been. A tragic hero need not die but if remaining alive he may suffer from moral destruction. It is always a misconception that nothing good comes from tragedies but here hamlets death was almost for the best. If alive he wouldn't be able to have any pleasure, as all the people he loved were dead. Ina tragedy the hero must have all good qualities but one flaw that lead to his downfall. Hamlet had all the qualities as well as the tragic flaw that was his delay in taking his action. Hamlet is a perfect example of a tragic hero, he has so many good traits such as bravery, loyalty and intelligence but his flaw of indescisiveness brought him to his downfall. He had a choice of how to deal with Claudius and like other tragic heroes made a decision. The audience was able to feel sympathy for the position he was in. ...read more.

Conclusion

Shakespeare brought the play to a good end as the kingdom was in good hands. Hamlet has been constructed in such a marvelous way. The story was about three young men whose fathers had been brutally killed (Hamlet, Leartes and Fortinbras). Hamlet and Leartes took the law into their own hands and so ended in grief. But Fortinbras triumphs, being obedient to the law. This is why Act five scene 2 is considered as a fitting climax. When compared to other tragedies such as those written by Thomas Kyd and Seneca, the same is the case. The Spanish tragedy written by Thomas Kyd is an excellent example of a revenge tragedy. With this play the Elizabethan Theater revived its first revenge tragedy. Because of the success of this play the dramatic form had to be imitated. Seneca was among the greatest authors of classical tragedies and there was not one educated Elizabethan who was unaware of him and his plays. There were certain stylistic and different strategically thoughts and devices those Elizabethan playwrights, including Shakespeare learned from Seneca. Looking of the character of Hamlet we can say that his life is a parallel to Jesus' life as most of the crucial details are evident. Hamlet does appear as martyr or a Christ live figure in act five scene 2 when he chooses to have a honest leader to rule the state and give up his own life to rid the state of an evil and undeserving one. ...read more.

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