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Act 3, Sc.1 is an important scene in Romeo and Juliet. Analyse the techniques Shakespeare uses to make this scene an interesting one to the audience, including his use of: plot, characters, language, themes and dramatic devices.

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Introduction

Act 3, Sc.1 is an important scene in Romeo and Juliet. Analyse the techniques Shakespeare uses to make this scene an interesting one to the audience, including his use of: plot, characters, language, themes and dramatic devices. Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet, the children of two wealthy but feuding families in Verona, meet at the Capulet's feast and fall in love. However, just an hour after the couple marry Mercutio is killed by Juliet's cousin Tybalt and so Romeo seeks revenge on Tybalt and murders him. Romeo is banished by the Prince of Verona to Mantua and Juliet is told she has to marry Paris a wealthy young count. Friar Lawrence conducts a plan to save Romeo and Juliet; however, it turns into a fatal tragedy where they both die. This is caused by the combination of the main themes in this play, fate, conflict and love. One of the most important scenes in this play is Act 3, Sc.1; this is because this is the part of the play where most conflict takes place and this is due to fate. In the short scene before Act 3, Sc. 1 Romeo and Juliet declare their love for each other and are then married by Friar Lawrence. This makes Romeo and Tybalt related but only Romeo knows this, "But love thee better...Till thou shall no the reason of my love," and so when Tybalt is trying to start a fight Romeo is reluctant to fight back, "I do protest I never injured thee." Mercutio also does not understand why Romeo is not fighting Tybalt and so carries on provoking Tybalt until they fight. In this fatal fight Mercutio is killed by Tybalt and Tybalt flees. Romeo who had tried to stop the fighting, "Draw Benvolio, beat down their weapons," is now filled with anguish and revenge and so when Tybalt returns he is outraged, "...fired-eye fury be my conduct now." ...read more.

Middle

Right from the start of the play we get the impression that Tybalt is more of a dark and evil character than the others, this is because throughout the play he never plays another role other than to fight and argue with people and this evil interests the audience because it means the scenes which Tybalt is in are more likely to have more action. During Act 3, Sc. 1 Tybalt tries to appear more dominant than Romeo by calling him "boy" and "villain" however Romeo just ignores these insults. Also during this scene he is quick-tempered and does not really think about the consequences a fight could have and so turns to Romeo and says, "Therefore, turn and draw." The audience think that he bought his death upon himself because he killed Mercutio first, which enraged Romeo, "Either you, or I, or both, must go with him." Prince Escalus of Verona is an authoritative character and proves this by telling the Montagues and the Capulets that if there is any more public fighting between the families then they will be executed, "If you ever disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the price." He is also an impartial character because he does not belong to either the Capulets or the Montagues, "I will be deaf to pleading and excuses," and his only relation in the play is Mercutio, however, he does not let this stand in the way of him making a just decision on what should happen to Romeo; "Immediately we do exile him hence." The Prince only comes into the scene at the very end after most of the drama has already happened. Lady Capulet and Lord Montague may have been brought in at the end of this scene to show how the characters would react to such a fatal tragedy. Lady Capulet is a very emotional character and so exaggerates what she has been told by Benvolio, "Some twenty of them fought in this black strife," to make it appear as though Tybalt was a victim. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Tybalt wants to fight Romeo for turning up at the Capulet's feast he does not understand why it is that Romeo is expressing love for Tybalt, "Tybalt, the reason I have to love thee," and not wanting to fight. Mercutio also does not know about the wedding and makes it clear to the audience when he says, "But I'll be hanged sir, if he wear your livery." This is because Romeo and Tybalt now actually belong to the same family; it also reminds the audience of Romeo's marriage to Juliet. The audience feels frustration for Romeo because he is not able to tell Tybalt the truth. They also are antagonized by Mercutio's persistence for Romeo to fight because he also does not know why Romeo will not and gets exasperated at this, "O calm, dishonorable, vile submission!" Shakespeare also uses irony in the lead up to Mercutio's death, the first example of this is when Benvolio prophetically jokes about Mercutio dying due to his constant quarrelling, "I were so apt to quarrel as thou art, any man should buy the fee-simple of my life for an hour and a quarter," which then becomes true. The audience feels pity towards Mercutio because he did not really want to die but also annoyance because Mercutio did not have to fight Tybalt in the first place but chose to get involved. This play is still relevant to modern day audiences because there still is a popular belief in fate as there was in the Elizabethan times. Many people today still believe in astrology, which is the study of the relative position of the planet and the stars in the belief that they influence events on Earth. Some people believe in astrology because it offers information and assurance about the future and a way to be absolved of their current situation and future decisions. People also can relate to conflict easily because it is still part of human nature and is an issue in everyday life. ...read more.

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