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ACT 4, SCENE 1: EXPLAIN HOW THE WITCHES' BEHAVIOUR IN THIS SCENE MAKES AN IMPACT ON MACBETH AND INFLUENCES HIS ACTIONS Act 4, scene 1 links to the rest of the play in a number of important ways. We know that Macbeth has achieved his position by murdering King Duncan of Scotland. He has also murdered Banquo, his best friend, and Macduff's wife and son because he thought that they were too suspicious and knew too much about Duncan's murder, and so they meant a threat to him. These actions resulted in Macbeth having to cover his tracks continuously by murdering people. He describes his mind as "...full of scorpions...". This metaphor suggests that is mental state is very confused and he is constantly worried that someone could discover his guilt. He has also seen the ghost of Banquo which has made him have an hallucination. This scene links with Act one, Scene 3 when the witches appear in a storm and predict Macbeth's future. In this scene the witches predict that Macbeth would firstly become Thane of Cawdor and then King of Scotland. Macbeth's response to the witches shows that he doesn't really believe the witches because he can't find an explanation to all of this and he doesn't understand how the witches could know this, because both the Thane of Cawdor and the king of Scotland live. ...read more.


The effect of these poetic devices is to emphasise certain words and meaning, particularly by repetition, and also to draw the audience into the speech. The lines should be delivered with a strong tone of voice and at the same time very involved and drawn into the speech. The actors should move slowly and stirring. The audience should view the witches as some old, scary and malevolent old women; therefore after the scene, the audience should have quite a bad and scary impression of them. Macbeth enters the scene when the witches are making a spell; in fact the second witch felt that Macbeth was coming, and described him as "wicked". Macbeth, once entered, calls the witches "secret black and midnight hags", this shows that he is angry and aggressive towards the witches, in fact he insults them. These lines should be delivered with a powerful, strong and bold tone of voice of the actor, because he has to show all his anger towards the witches. In his opening speech Macbeth demands the witches what they were doing, then he describes the powers they all have and he asks them to answer all of his questions. As he says this speech the actor should move following a quite specific pacing to convey Macbeth's feelings at this point. ...read more.


Ina act five scene five Macbeth states: "...and all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death...life's but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage, and then is heard no more. It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing". These ideas link to Act four Scene one because in both scenes Macbeth expresses his desperation towards life. In may view a modern audience would see Macbeth as someone who tried to get the throne through a not honest way, and therefore afterwards he paid the consequences because he didn't have the mental strength to support his responsibilities not through continuing to kill other people; in fact he did continue to kill people until he reached the point that he couldn't make it any longer and therefore he has been killed. I also think that these are the reasons why Macbeth shouldn't deserve the sympathy of the audience because at the beginning he was a loyal and brave soldier who fought for his king, but afterwards he became addicted to killing and to the witches as he couldn't make it on his own after a certain point. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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