• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An evaluation of TWO poems on the theme of 'outsider'- 'Education for leisure' by Carol Ann Duffy and 'Miracle on St David's Day' by Gillian Clarke.

Extracts from this document...


An evaluation of TWO poems on the theme of 'outsider'- 'Education for leisure' by Carol Ann Duffy and 'Miracle on St David's Day' by Gillian Clarke. This essay will explore the similarities and differences between the two poems 'Education for leisure' which was written by Carol Ann Duffy and 'Miracle on St. David's Day' by Gillian Clarke. The theme focused on the poems is 'outsider'. In 'Education for Leisure' the man is an outsider because he is being ignored, however in 'miracle on St. David's Day', the patient is well taken care of but is an outsider in his mind because he is sick and cannot speak. He wants to be an outsider so that no one can notice him. Firstly, the poem 'Education for leisure' creates a negative atmosphere caused by the treacherous outsider. Every stanza concludes with a full stop. The poem has five verses overall. Duffy has written this poem in the style of a diary, rather than constructing the words to rhyme. This is shown by the word 'I'. She has also used metaphors to express the circumstances '...boredom stirring in the streets.' This phrase shows that the day is awfully uninspired and no one is in prospect. This day is like any other day for the man because his life is filled with sadness. ...read more.


He wants to be in the middle of everything. I think that he is very dangerous. I personally feel that the man is self deluded. The second poem has numerous differences and only a few similarities. The poem 'Miracle on St.David's Day' has eight verses altogether and each of them have five lines except for the last verse, which has three lines. Clarke wrote a sudden change of structure to show a miracle occurring. She has used a different structure to show this. It was written about St. David's Day which every year is on the first of March. The key colour of the poem is yellow. This indicated by the words; 'sun ', 'daffodils' and the colour 'yellow' itself. When the colour yellow is being referred to, the reader directly gets the vibe that it is warm, bright and a positive atmosphere. Clarke has used this colour so that the reader can visualise the day, and he reveals the atmosphere of the poem. In this poem, the poet speaks for herself as she writes a diary to express the miracle she saw. This is shown by the word 'I'. 'I am reading poetry to the insane.' She is reading poetry to mentally ill people who may not absorb what she has to say. ...read more.


David's Day', the key colour is '...yellow...'.This represents the daffodils, and the weather. In 'Education for Leisure', the man is an outsider because he is a loner but he does not want to be one. He wants to be heard but people are not taking any notice of him. In 'Miracle on St. David's Day' the man is an outsider because he cannot talk or communicate to the outside world. He wants to be ignored and left alone. In my opinion, I prefer 'Miracle on St David's day' rather than 'Education for Leisure.' This is because the poet has used more poetic devices such as; repetition, metaphors, similes, personification and alliterations to reveal the mood and atmosphere. I also like this poem due to the effect caused while I was reading it. It gives a gentle touch of happiness and inspiration. The key colour is 'yellow', this gives a glimpse of delight. While I was reading it, I did not know what was happening until I read past the middle. It gave suspense while I was reading it. The consequence at the end of the poem gives a gentle effect and it makes the reader realise what has been going on. I do not prefer 'Education for leisure' because while I was reading it, the poem did not create suspense due to the fact that it described exactly what was happening. ?? ?? ?? ?? English Course Work 1 Mr Shrine 28/04/2007 Bhavini Patel 10S Room 11 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Carol Ann Duffy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Carol Ann Duffy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How has Duffy used classical myths in order to comment on the nature of ...

    5 star(s)

    This manner of depiction reveals that Medusa was originally a lovely woman-it was her tragedy that she was foolish enough to compare herself to a goddess. In addition, the poem opens with a triadic structure 'A suspicion, a doubt, a jealousy' the fact that it arouses form a suspicion into a doubt which finally becomes a jealousy.

  2. Education for Leisure

    Noticeably, Duffy again employs the word 'I' to further the persona's self-absorbed personality to the reader. In my opinion, the poet cleverly emphasises the persona's potential danger to society through the bold and blunt statements and also through the biblical references.

  1. Compare and contrast Carol Ann Duffys treatment of love and language in the poems ...

    No one can really understand the feeling of falling in love until they have experienced it, so this oxymoron is a fantastic way to help us understand what she is going through. The letter 'l' is repeated many times. Examples of this are: "falling", "love", "glamorous", "hell", "flame's", "licks" and "kill".

  2. Valentine by Carol Ann Duffy is a poem which creates a contradiction by contrasting ...

    it becomes 'lethal'. As stated in the fifth stanza, even if you leave your partner and go with someone else, the 'scent' or the 'thought' of him or her, will always be engraved in our mind. When you touch or have physical relation with the second partner, you will always get the smell of your previous partner.

  1. Compare 3 poems by Carol Ann Duffy in which she shows us that things ...

    'It will blind you with tears.' 'Its platinum loops shrink to a wedding ring.' This sentence actually includes both the literal and metaphorical meaning. The 'ring' is both in the onion and wedding sense. 'Platinum' is a much plainer metal than gold, but is more valuable, and as always in

  2. Discuss the ways in which Carol Ann Duffy explores the theme of alienation in ...

    However in Education for Leisure there is a full stop at the end of every stanza, upon reflection this could relate to the full stop of life when someone dies or it could symbolise the full stop at the end of every friendship the speaker has had in the past and lost eventually.

  1. The two poems which I am going to discuss are "Stealing" and "Valentine" both ...

    as he assumes he might learn how to play a guitar after he stole one. We can sense that the speaker longs for a glamous life, as he desires to be able to play a guitar and be as genius as Shakespeare.

  2. Explain how Carol Ann Duffy conveys her feelings towards the subjects of the two ...

    I also consider the emotions in this poem to be a significant amount stronger. I believe she does this by using visual imagery. This is both strong and powerful. For example: 'running children in a nightmare heat' is an influential image of pain and unhappiness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work