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an inspector calls

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Introduction

An Inspector Calls An Inspector Calls written by John Boynton Priestley was a play written in 1945 however was set in 1912. This is interesting because in 1912 World War I would start in 2 years time, making Mr. Birling's optimistic view that there would not be a war is completely wrong. This allows Priestly to relate to World War 1 and 2 using dramatic irony by referring to the two World Wars as the characters live in a world before the world wars while the audience lived in a post war world. Priestley deliberately set his play in 1912 because the date represented an era when all was very different from the time he was writing. In 1912, rigid class and gender boundaries seemed to guarantee that nothing would change. Meaning that the rigid class would stay rigid and the women would stay working at home cooking and cleaning. Yet by 1945, most of those class and gender divisions had been breached. Priestley wanted to make the most of these changes. Through this play, he encourages people to seize the opportunity the end of the war had given them to build a better, more caring society. During the 1930's Priestley became very concerned about the consequences of social inequality in Britain, and in 1942 Priestley and others set up a new political party, the Common Wealth Party which argued for public ownership of land, greater democracy, and a new "morality" in politics. ...read more.

Middle

He might be there to fight against Mr. Birling's views as they both have different priorities as Mr. Birling doesn't really care about the death of Eva Smith whereas Inspector Goole does. The Inspector is also very hostile to Mr.Birling however quite lenient to the rest of the family members. Mr. Birling is described at the start as a "heavy-looking, rather portentous man in his middle fifties but rather provincial in his speech." He is also a very selfish man as he claims the party "is one of the happiest nights of my life." This is not only because Sheila will be happy, but because a merger with Crofts Limited will be good for his business. The Inspector may not like Mr. Birling because of these things. Mr. Birling is also optimistic for the future and confident that there will not be a war. As the audience knows there will be a war, we begin to doubt Mr Birling's judgment. Inspector Goole also makes the audience think about the historical background and the social responsibilities trying to make us aware of the social divide and gender division showing us the treatment of the upper class like Mrs. Birling and Sheila and the working class women like Eva Smith. Another answer for what the Inspector could be is that he could be a dramatic device therefore without the appearance of Inspector Goole the play could never happen. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is an example of dramatic irony as the audience knew in 1945 men did not learn the lesson and this is why World War 1 took place. The "Fire, blood and anguish" refers to the suffering of everyone which happened before the play. The Inspector is talking about a collective responsibility, everyone is society is linked, in the same way that the characters are linked to Eva Smith. Everyone is a part of "one body"; the Inspector sees society as more important than individual interests. The views he is expressing are like those of Priestley who was a socialist. He also makes the audience think and speculate about who he is when the Birling family find out he is a fake. Inspector Goole changes our views of the characters once the audience finds out the truth of all the characters. At the end of the play we are taught an important lesson about our responsibility for our actions and our responsibility to those less fortunate in society. These lessons are relevant today because there are many working class people who need our help and we should stick together and help them. In An Inspector Calls, the central theme is responsibility. Priestley is interested in our personal responsibility for our own actions and our collective responsibility to society. The play explores the effect of class, age and sex on people's attitudes to responsibility, and shows how prejudice can prevent people from acting responsibly. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sachin. Visavadia English Coursework Mrs. Brown 10KE ...read more.

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