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Analyse the first chapter of Keats "To Autumn"

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Introduction

Analyse the first stanza of Keats' "To Autumn." The poem "To Autumn" describes the changing of nature as Autumn progresses to Winter The first stanza of this poem describes the abundance of nature and the rewards in which it reaps. The stanza begins with autumn at the peak of fulfillment and continues the ripening to an almost unbearable intensity which is shown by the use of verbs such as "load," "bend," "fill," and "swell." The structure of the first stanza compounds this impression with the first stanza contained all in one sentence as if it's over-brimming with the products of harvest and the rich language of this stanza reflect the richness of the fruit. ...read more.

Middle

The idea of the sun maturing shows that the seasons are forever changing and soon the association of death through winter is lurking round the corner. Keats also describes how autumn is "conspiring" with the Sun yet despite having a strong fascination for autumn, the verb "conspiring," has the connotation of deceit as if plotting against the speaker of the poem. Autumn and the Sun have created all this produce yet "conspired" to produce and abundance of bounty. This line is written in spondee form and the effect this has is that it puts heavy stresses on each syllable reflective of the heaviness of the harvest again compounding the abundance of nature. The enjambment in this stanza creates a fast pace to the stanza showing has passion and awe of autumn. ...read more.

Conclusion

The way in which the line following on from this starts with, "And still more," shows the speaker's utter disbelief and awe of autumn in how it can continue to produce. It almost sounds as if Keats is bitter, slightly jealous of the suns apparent everlasting nature contrasting to the transient image of the fruit. The -ing form on the verb "budding" shows that the process is ongoing and will continue to do so until the amount of flowers is over-whelming. The reference to summer at the end of this stanza brings about the idea of process and change which is portrayed through the sickliness of the clammy cells as the bees have been collecting honey long into the summer. It is clear at this point that the harvest of autumn is at a definite end and the maturing sun is ready to move on. ...read more.

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