• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the rhetoric used by Brutus and Antony in their speeches (III, II). Consider the effect of their rhetoric on the mob and how it affects their own characters.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse the rhetoric used by Brutus and Antony in their speeches (III, II). Consider the effect of their rhetoric on the mob and how it affects their own characters. Julius Caesar has just been assassinated by a group of conspirators led by Brutus. Cassius wants to kill Mark Antony too "Let Antony and Caesar fall together."(II, I, 161). Brutus is politically na�ve, unlike Cassius and Antony, so he turns down Cassius's advice, "Our course will seem too bloody."(II, I, 162). He ignores Cassius's advice not to let Antony speak. Brutus wants to persuade the crowd that Caesar had to die because his ambition would make him a tyrant and he would have brought suffering to them all. Antony has a harder task; he has to persuade the mob first, that he is on their side, then to persuade them of the conspirator's injustice, gaining their political support. They both use the power of rhetoric and oratory to achieve this. The mob can be easily manipulated by skilful oratory and mass hysteria. Stirring emotion, altering opinion, and inducing action in the process. Rhetoric is defined as the whole art of using language so as to persuade others. Brutus speaks to the people in prose rather than in verse, presumably trying to make his speech seem plain, and to keep himself on the same level as the crowd. ...read more.

Middle

Antony says that he has come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. Which is a lie, but it gains the crowds interest. He repeats again and again that Brutus and the conspirators are honourable men, (which makes clumsy sentences, unlike Brutus's beautifully patterned speech.) "Brutus says he was ambitious, And Brutus is an honourable man." (III, II, 95). Each time Antony declares how 'honourable' a man Brutus is, the phrase gets an increasingly sarcastic tone, until, by the end of the speech, its meaning has been completely inverted. The speech draws much of its power from repetition. Each time Antony reminds them of Brutus' claim that Caesar was 'ambitious'; the claim loses force and credibility. He challenges Brutus's idea of ambition by reminding the crowd of the wealth that Caesar brought to Rome, Caesar's sympathy for the poor, and his refusal to take the throne when offered it, details seeming to disprove any charges of ambition. "I thrice presented him a kingly crown, Which he did thrice refuse: was this ambition?"(III, II, 98) Which is an excellent example, because the crowd were there, and saw it with their own eyes. Pausing to weep openly before the mob, he makes them feel pity for him and for his case. It also allows them to talk between themselves. "My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar, And I must pause till it come back to me."(III, II, 108). ...read more.

Conclusion

(III, II, 243). Antony predicts and utilizes the people's sense of injustice at being stripped of so generous a ruler. The people completely forget their former sympathy for Brutus and rise up against the conspirators, leaving Antony to marvel at the force of what he has done. Brutus and the conspirators are no longer noble, "They were traitors."(III, II, 155). Antony has become noble, "most noble Antony" (III, II, 167). Caesar has regained the respect he lost through Brutus, "Oh noble Caesar." (III, II, 200). Antony proves strong in all of the ways that Brutus proves weak. His impulsive, improvisatory nature serves him perfectly, first to persuade the conspirators that he is on their side, gaining their trust, and then to persuade the mob of the conspirators' injustice, gaining the masses' political support. Not too scrupulous to stoop to deceit and duplicity, as Brutus claims to be, Antony proves himself a great politician, using gestures and skilled rhetoric to his advantage. He responds to subtle cues among both his nemeses and his allies to know exactly how he must conduct himself at each particular moment in order to gain the most advantage. A good speech must not be too short and full of rhetoric devices. The speaker must be passionate, and fill the audience with emotion. This is what Antony does. Brutus' speech is too short and is left for the audience to decide. They must be told, for the more people there are, the more stupid they become. Keeley Webb ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Julius Caesar section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Julius Caesar essays

  1. Compare the speeches of Mark Antony and Brutus in 'Julius Caesar'.

    'O masters, if I were disposed to stir Your hearts and minds into mutiny and rage.' He is trying to push the crowd in to mutiny and rage, but he uses the words in an ironic and rhetorical tone so that the mob would think nothing of it straight away

  2. What do we learn about the characters of Cassius and Brutus and how they ...

    to win the war honorably even though the enemy won't and giving himself a serious disadvantage. From these scenes, we learn that Brutus takes on the stoat philosophy, in which they grieves not for events for which they have no influence over for Brutus only allows himself the words, "Why farewell Portia" while Cassius grieves more for Brutus's wife.

  1. Compare Shakespeare's presentation of the characters Brutus and Mark Antony. Julius Caesar was written ...

    For example, he was the one who offered Caesar the crown at the Lupercal: "I thrice presented him a kingly crown." From this, we can see that far from fearing that Caesar will rule Rome, he fully supports the idea.

  2. The exact date of the publication of 'Julius Caesar' is not absolutely certain. However, ...

    "You are my true and honourable wife, As dear to me as are the ruddy drops That visit my sad heart." He recognises the fact that he has not been treating her as he should recently; he appreciates Portia's true worth and strength: "O ye gods Render me worthy of this noble wife".

  1. Consider the characters of Brutus and Antony from as many angles as possible indicating ...

    Cassius warned Brutus that letting Antony speak to the crowd might be a wrong decision, but Brutus uses his power to over rule Cassius. It is only when Antony is alone we find out his true intentions. "Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice Cry havoc' and let slip

  2. Brutus and Antony's speeches.

    Antony will have been listening to Brutus's speech and will know how easy the crowd where to persuade the first time but he knows that it might be a bit harder as the crowd have made up their mind about Brutus he now has the job of trying to sway them onto his side.

  1. Comparing the Speeches of Brutus and Antony.

    In this, he should use hand gestures and to put emphasis on the word "Censure" and "wisdom", to make the audience think that they are the judges of who did wrong. He gets their sympathy in the part of his speech where he says: "If there be any in this

  2. Explain how as a director, you would present the speeches of Brutus and Anthony ...

    The fact that Brutus allowed Anthony to speak but told him to not blame the conspirators-"You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,"-might show that Brutus wanted the people to know that he has nothing to hide, but I think that it is a mixture of his belief in his actions and a fear of being blamed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work