• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the techniques used by Miller to present the different aspects of the relationship between John and Elizabeth Proctor

Extracts from this document...


Analyse the techniques used by Miller to present the different aspects of the relationship between John and Elizabeth Proctor Arthur Miller's dramatisation, 'The Crucible' gives us his interpretation of the true events, which took place within a small community in a 17th Century America, which at the time was largely inhabited by Puritans. The play focuses mainly on two Puritans called Elizabeth and John Proctor. John Proctor is a well-respected farmer of his mid-thirties. Miller describes him as a 'kind man of powerful body.' He runs by his own set of morals and therefore is 'not easily led.' He is introduced by a large piece of prose that is precisely set out so that the actor knows exactly how Miller wants the actor who plays John Proctor to act, when he comes on stage. For instance, Miller asks the actor of John Proctor to act with a 'hidden force.' The description is especially acute as he is the main character. However, Miller also introduces some of the other characters in the same way. This may have been because Miller intended it to be read as a book as well as a play. Proctor's power, respect and sometimes fear among the people of Salem is evident instantaneously. As he enters, the first thing he says to Mary Warren is ' I'll show you a great doing on your arse one of these days' subsequently Mary walks out 'trying to retain a shred of dignity.' As well as this the stage directions for the rest of the girls show their excitement at his presence. For instance, directly after Mary's exit Mercy also walks out, 'both afraid of him and strangely titillated.' ...read more.


However this funeral is everlasting, meaning it shall never be put to rest. From this, the audience can interpret that John feels that Elizabeth is a rather bitter and unforgiving person. Similarly, when Elizabeth says 'the magistrate that sits in your heart judges you,' we can surmise that she feels John may run too much by his own moral standard, and perhaps that he is too hard on himself. It could also be interpreted as a complement, saying that his high moral standards are an attribute. The audience again gets a feel that there is a tension between John and Elizabeth, but this time it's because of their strenuous effort to design an atmosphere which is that of a happy and loving couple, which is clearly failing. The audience obtains this ambience largely from Elizabeth, who answers in short and brisk answers, even when John tries to charm her, by saying things like 'lilacs are the smell of night fall, I think. Massachusetts is a beauty in the spring!.' To which Elizabeth replies 'aye, it is.' This shows her lack of interest and her determination not to forgive John. We again see the contrast of the outdoors and the indoors and John and Elizabeth. Throughout Act 2, we see John as this elemental and earthy person, for example when he says things like 'it's as warm as blood beneath the clods.' He also wants her to walk with him on the farm, again suggesting he wants her to accept him more. One aspect of John and Elizabeth's relationship is that because of the tension and awkwardness in their relationship, they might not be as easy around each other and not know each other as well as a couple who had been together for three years and have had three children. ...read more.


Another clue of their recently established, fierce love is that there is a complete passage where it's just John and Elizabeth talking, even though there are still four people in the room. This shows just how severe their love is, as it's so strong that other people back off and stop talking. This is illustrated in the stage directions 'The emotion flowing between them prevents anyone from speaking for an instant. The two are almost captivated in their own world.' By the end of the play, the Proctors relationship is far more balanced, as we have seen the transformation in John, from being someone who sees himself through how he thinks Elizabeth views him and regards 'himself as a kind of fraud' as he was described in Act 1, to a person who judges himself by his own conscience. For instance, he first wanted Elizabeth to be his conscience and he wanted her to say that it's all right to confess this is verified when he says 'would you give them such a lie? Say it.' However, presently John rips up the confession, finally realizing that it's how he views himself that's important and not Elizabeth and therefore no longer needs her as his conscience. If he had perhaps realized this earlier on in the play, then he would have been able to forgive himself for his sin of disloyalty. Ergo, the tension is taken off of both sides of the relationship. We can tell how much the whole traumatic experience has brought John and Elizabeth together, as Abby is not mentioned at all. This shows how much at one they are with each other and how much that John's sin is no longer a barrier between them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    What techniques does Arthur Miller use to highlight the conflict between past and present ...

    4 star(s)

    woman is part of Willy's dark side, then we move into a past scene as the light brightens on the woman.

  2. Using both Act 2 and Act 4, explore the relationship between John and Elizabeth. ...

    Abigail's campaign of vengeance stems from the envy she feels towards Elizabeth Proctor, because she loves John and desperately wants him for her own; this is but one manifestation of an underlying theme in 'The Crucible' which is fundamental to the development of the play.

  1. How Does Arthur Miller Present The Characters of Abigail and Elizabeth and Shape Our ...

    However, Miller has presented Elizabeth to still be Proctor's wife and this shows the audience that her ever loving and forgiving attitude and character reflects on her Puritan lifestyle and beliefs. 'As you will, I would have it. I want you living John.

  2. In The Beginning of Act 2 How Does Arthur Miller Show the Audience the ...

    Yet it is a dramatic irony; as Elizabeth doesn't know. This shows that John is working very hard to try and please Elizabeth; this enhances the amount of sympathy the audience gives to John. At this moment in this scene my sympathies lie with John.

  1. Essay - Analyse of John Proctor from Crucible

    (Parris, Act One) 'Against him and all authority.' (Putnam, Act One). Proctor uses this suspicion to provoke anger in Parris even further. 'Why, then I must find it and join it.' (Proctor, Act One). In the beginning, John truthfully tells Parris why he has not been at church recently.

  2. Act 2- Proctor's house. Role of Elizabeth

    In a thanking sort of way, for changing the subject she quickly stands replying "Aye!" The subject back onto the farm, Elizabeth still shows that there is something still annoying her. She walks quickly back with the cider and places it by him, and sits back down.

  1. Analyse and discuss the way in which Arthur Miller presents the relationship between John ...

    yet met Elizabeth proctor, so there is nothing to be yet known about her. The first mention of her is said by Abigail as she describes her as a 'sickly wife'. Proctor as hearing this reply quickly in her defence in an angry and distort manner.

  2. Consider the relationship between John Proctor and Elizabeth, paying particular attention to their exchanges/conversation ...

    and she replies, 'I am.' It seems quite unnatural and forced. In the stage directions it says. 'He gets up, goes to her, kisses her. She receives it.' To me it sounds that Elizabeth is just putting up with Proctor showing her any physical affection.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work