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Analysis and comparison of two gothic short stories: The Monkey(TM)s Paw(TM) by W.W. Jacobs and The Red Room(TM) by H.G Wells

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Introduction

Analysis and comparison of two gothic short stories: 'The Monkey's Paw' by W.W. Jacobs and 'The Red Room' by H.G Wells Both 'The Monkey's Paw' and 'The Red Room' were written around the turn of the century, 'The Monkey's Paw' being written in 1902 and 'The Red Room' being written in 1894. The genre was first introduced by Horace Walpole and his gothic novel 'The Castle of Otranto'. The gothic genre blended two already well established genres, horror and romance, because of this it soon became very popular amongst other writers and issued an almost cult-like following. Many writers began to emulate the genre in their own writing, for instance Mary Shelley wrote 'Frankenstein', which in many ways popularised the genre. It was at its peak in the times coming up to the turn of the century, with the likes of Bram Stoker writing 'Dracula', Robert Louis Stevenson's 'Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' and the two short stories in question. The defining feature of the gothic genre is the necessity of tension. The creation of tension is achieved with the use of typical features, for instance setting or use of characters. ...read more.

Middle

Also the three part list emphasises the isolation and in that weather it would be near impossible to communicate with people outside your own home. The house itself is shown as a safe place. The main reason for this is the use of another typical feature, the fire, because the White family are all happy and surrounding the fire it creates a contrast with the weather outside and makes the house seem secure and sheltered to the reader. It is very common for a gothic story to be set in a secluded castle like in 'The Red Room'. This is because in a castle there are often many empty rooms that the custodian rarely goes in, anything could happen in that room. Also castles are often depicted as very cold and dark because they were lived in mainly in times where there was no central heating or electricity. 'The Red Room' also uses a fire as a main setting with all the characters congregated around it for warmth and protection. Along with setting the other main feature in the gothic genre is that of the characters which often are disfigured, for instance in 'The Red Room' H.G. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other than Sgt Major Morris who brings with his entrance a portent of doom, no characters in the monkey's paw are menacing. The writer uses pathetic fallacy with the arrival of Sgt major Morris because the bad weather is justified when he enters the house from the intimidation and menace he brings. The menace comes from the talisman, the monkey's paw, another typical feature. To conclude, in many ways both stories are similar for instance both include an isolated building as there setting and both focus on the fire and light being the main protection. However they do differ; in 'The Monkey's Paw' Jacobs uses the talisman and that of the unknown mysterious magic put on it, for instance "It had a spell put on it by an old Fakir." Shows that the monkeys paw had mystical, unknown magic put on it. Fakirs are often depicted to be associated with black magic so the reader already knows that if the magic worked it would not be good. The focus of 'The Red Room' is that the main character is afraid of fear itself "The worst of all the things that haunt poor mortal man" "in all its nakedness- Fear!" ...read more.

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