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Analysis of A Christmas Carol

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A Christmas Carol We have been analysing the classic story, Christmas carol from Charles Dickens, which involves the personality transformation of the main character, Ebenezer Scrooge. This novel was first published in 1843 and set in Victorian London. This story had a variety of different genres within the book. Some believe the story is a ghost story, thriller or a social document London at that time. Within Victoria Britain, 1830-1899 there was no laws that controlled employment and employees. Men, Women and children were worked to their maximum capacity due to the absence of legal constraints normally expected of government. Charles Dickens attempts to portray a negative image of employers within the story, through Scrooge and his attitude towards his employees. One of the main themes of this story is for employers to increase generosity to support the life of the poor and employees and in doing so help to decrease poverty throughout the world. This is shown through Bob Cratchit's life and families health that correlates to the generosity of Scrooge. The bilateral relationship between employer and employee is far from apparent in the beginning of the novel with Scrooge pushing Cratchit hard at work for a meagre wage. ...read more.


'He has the power to render us happy or unhappy, to make our service light or burdensome, a pleasure or a toil.' This quotation indicates to the reader that Fezziwig has the power to render a happy or sad Christmas. Taking this concept further Scrooge may realise that he is like Fezziwig in this way. His actions at work may directly affect the Cratchit family financially and in general happiness. Scrooge here may realise further that his 'tight-fisted' ways affect others as well. He is also shown his first love, a girl called Belle. He is seen breaking of their engagement and she tells Scrooge 'Another Idol has displaced me.' This shows that by the time Scrooge was running his own business he already loved money more than people. Scrooge was reminded of the past to demonstrate the happiness and ecstasy he experienced when he was younger and not a businessman. The good times Scrooge experienced suggests he was an optimist and valued life to the full. However, Scrooge's personality begins to change for the worse. This is revealed when Scrooge shouts 'Remove me! I cannot bear it.' ...read more.


Following the visit from the ghost Scrooge has a new found enthusiasm towards children and beggars, (once referred to as population surplus) as one of his many measures of reform. Scrooge behaves differently towards Bob and offers him financial help and an increase in salary. 'I'll raise your salary, and endeavour to assist your struggling family.' Scrooge demonstrates the help he is willing to give towards his family to evade poverty and death, which is imminent without his help. Other motives lie behind the immediate generosity offered to the community and his employees. The giving of gifts is good therapy for old Scrooge however he is looking longer term and longs for loyal friendship to take him to the end of his days. The three ghosts showed how he had his priorities wrong and by following his promises he intended to turn this situation around. When he had done so he hoped that he would be remembered as a generous and helpful person, in extreme contrast to the sad, lonely and miserable character described at the beginning of the novel. The backdrop of Christmas is highlighted in the final paragraphs where the Cratchit family invite Scrooge to join them for Christmas dinner. Peace, harmony and goodwill to all men. Jonathan Burgess, candidate number 4294 English Coursework, Mr Lovelock Page 1 of 4 ...read more.

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