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Analysis of how the character "Scrooge" changes as "A Christmas Carol" progresses.

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Introduction

Analyse how Scrooge changes as "A Christmas Carol" progresses. This essay will analyse and report on how the character Scrooge changes throughout the Victorian novel "A Christmas Carol." Each Stave will be analysed, thus showing how he changes throughout the novella. At the start of the story, the impression created of Scrooge is very negative. He is portrayed as a cold and twisted character, who puts the wrong principals, such as money, before those that are more important, such as family and friends. Early in the book, Ebenezer represents the direct opposite of the Christmas spirit. He is shown to be extremely miserly, with very little regard or respect for the poor. He is a misanthrope. By the end, however, he is very different. Instead of being "tight fisted" with his money, he instead appears to have very little concern for it at all, seemingly thrusting it at anyone who will accept it. Most crucially however he is able to have respect for others, instead of just himself. Charles Dickens wanted readers of his book to think about the conditions people of the lower classes lived in, and how despite this they are happy and content. He wanted to give them awareness that money is irrelevant if happiness isn't created with it. Stave one is mostly about getting the reader to become aware of Scrooges attitude and history. It portrays Scrooge as a cold and unpleasant character. This point is well made when Dickens writes "The cold within him froze his old features, made his eyes red, his thin lips blue, stiffened his gait, and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice." The first part of this quotation provides an indication of how cold and confronting his appearance is, and how this is reflected in his personality. ...read more.

Middle

This is because of the numerous qualities associated with a child, such as delight and unawareness of the future. Because of these qualities, a child is able to live in and enjoy the present, which is a part of being enlightened and achieving full understanding. The quotation also compares the spirit to an old man. This could possibly be a representation of peace, which is associated with many elder people. Later in Stave three, Scrooge and the reader meets the Cratchits. There are numerous reasons for Dickens doing this. Firstly, he may have wanted the reader to connect with lower class families. To back up this idea is the quotation "A merry Christmas to us all, my dears. God bless us!" This reference shows that throughout the stave, the Cratchits are generally jolly and thankful. This would be very useful for getting the reader to connect with the Cratchits. The most relevant section of this quotation is the part where Bob says "God bless us." This would have been crucial to get the Victorian community on the side of the Cratchits, due to how extremely religious most people were. This helps to prove that the Cratchits were religious because the quotation hints that they have trust and faith in God. Also, Bob wishing his family "a merry Christmas" helps to portray the family as warm, which again helps the reader to connect with them. He also may have implemented the meeting to help Scrooge connect with the poorer families. Charles Dickens would have wanted to do this because one of the worst attributes of Scrooge's personality was his immense dislike of the poor. This section of Stave three therefore becomes one of the most important parts of the book, because it is here that Scrooge's attitude to the poor changes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Apart from this quotation showing that he now at least partially appreciates the work Bob puts in to his job (to the extent he raises his salary,) this sentence shows that Scrooge is no longer miserly. Firstly, he earlier said that time is money, and here is not only offering money to the Cratchits, he is also offering them his time. This shows that he is not miserly and in more ways then one he is now generous. To go with this, he now is caring for the poor, which helps to show that he is no longer a misanthrope in his actions and attitude. His sense of humour has also been overhauled. He now doesn't make cruel jokes to heighten his opinion of himself, instead he is seen making jokes for the pleasure of other people. An example of this is when the boy delivers the turkey, he exclaims that "Why, it's impossible to carry that to Camden Town, you must have a cab." Following this he chuckles, which again shows how his attitude has improved. To conclude, Scrooge changed significantly throughout the story. Whereas at the start of the story Ebenezer was a miserly loner, by Stave five he was very different. Instead of being miserly and preferring to "keep himself to himself," he instead is very outgoing, trying to help other people in any way he can. Arguably more importantly, he tries to make friends with everyone he meets, and is pleasant to everyone. I think that Dickens had numerous different reasons for writing the novel. Firstly, he may have wanted the more wealthy readers of his book to be aware of how the poor lived, thus urging them to donate to them. He also may have written it to show the evolving society that the most important principles are still family and friends. ?? ?? ?? ?? Andrew Gibson ...read more.

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