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Animal Farm and Stalinist Russia

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Introduction

Animal Farm and Stalinist Russia In his book "Animal Farm" George Orwell gives a very vivid and accurate account of what happened in Russia after Czar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate. Being an allegory, most of the characters and events have a parallel in Stalinist Russia. Minor characters in the story also symbolize things that are very relevant to the history of Russia. Mr. Jones is the embodiment of the old government, of the monarchy where the autocrat takes all without giving anything; he is the last of the Czars. Czar Nicholas II lost control because the publishing of Karl Marx's book "Communist Manifesto" led to the successful February Revolution, had ignited the spark of reformation.) Farmer Jones lost control of the animals after they got the spirit of revolution from Old Major's speech and revolted. The outcome was a successful Rebellion. Since Old Major was dead and Jones was gone, the Animals, ironically, needed a leader to be in charge of the new Animal Farm, where they were all free and equal. ...read more.

Middle

"When they had finished confessing their crimes, the dogs promptly tore their throats out...." (Orwell) Napoleon then asked if anyone else had any crimes to confess, and they were executed immediately. Pinchfield, one of the farms bordering Animal Farm, symbolizes Germany. Stalin made the Non- Aggressive Pact with Hitler, to keep Germany from attacking Russia during World War II. Germany attacked Russia; nonetheless, breaking the pact and forcing Russia join the Allies. Napoleon had made a deal to sell a pile of lumber to Fredrick of Pinchfield; Napoleon had trusted him, but in turn Fredrick had given him fake bank notes and was coming to attack them. He, like Hitler, had ignored the deal, swindled Napoleon and attacked Animal Farm. Squealer the pig was very persuasive and ".... could turn black into white." (Orwell) He communicated to all the other animals what Napoleon had said, and always convinced them that it was right. He is a symbol of Stalin's propaganda machine, the Pravda. The people had no other source of information, and Stalin needed to manipulate the media. ...read more.

Conclusion

The idea of Socialism, or Animalism, is good as ideal. Human nature will not allow the leaders, who are always necessary, to be fair. Orwell did an excellent job of weaving the history of Stalinist Russia with the fairy idea of speaking and thinking animals. I mean that it is never going to possible where everyone will want to be equal because people end up wanting more power and control. George Orwell's book told me that there couldn't be a perfect world because there are people who want to and have to be better than others. It can make you angry the way the animals were treated, the fact that they were not smart enough to defend themselves. Other than that the book was pretty good and it makes you think hard about communism, propaganda and so on Before I read Animal Farm, I had heard A great deal about it. And was pleased that we would be doing it in English. It gave a fairly clear definition of socialism, communism, and the like... I feel I can now speak with some sort of literacy on the subject with out fear of feeling like an idiot. ...read more.

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