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Animal Farm by George Orwell

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Introduction

Animal Farm by George Orwell1 G eorge Orwell's Animal Farm is a satire? on the Russian revolution, and therefore the novel is full of symbolism. Orwell associates certain real characters with the characters of the book. For example snowball, who portrays Leon Trotsky and Napoleon who portrays Joseph, represent the two leaders of the revolution. Orwell uses the pigs to surround and support Napoleon. They symbolise the communist party loyalists and the friends of Stalin, as well as perhaps the Duma, or Russian parliament. The pigs, unlike other animals, live in luxury and enjoy the benefits of the society they help to control. Orwell, who criticised Marx's over-simplified view of a socialist, "utopian" society, expresses the inequality and true hypocrisy of communism here. Obviously George Orwell doesn't believe such a society can exist. Toward the end of the book, George Orwell emphasises, "Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer except, of course, the pigs and the dogs." Orwell very cleverly uses the name Boxer as a metaphor for the Boxer Rebellion in China in the early twentieth century. ...read more.

Middle

Benjamin explains, "Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey." Although there is no clear metaphoric relationship between Benjamin and Orwell's critique of communism, it makes sense that during any rebellion there are those who never totally embrace the revolution those so cynical they no longer look to their leaders for help. Benjamin symbolises the older generation, the critics of any new rebellion. Really this old donkey is the only animal that seems as though he couldn't care less about Napoleon and Animal Farm. It's almost as if he can see into the future, knowing that the revolt is only a temporary change, and will flop in the end. Benjamin is the only animal who doesn't seem to have expected anything positive from the revolution. He almost seems on a whole different maturity level compared to the other animals. He is not tricked by Napoleon's propaganda like the others. The only time he seems to care about the others at all is when Boxer is carried off in the glue truck. ...read more.

Conclusion

Though not yet full-grown, they were huge dogs, and as fierce-looking as wolves. They kept close to Napoleon. It was noticed that they wagged their tails to him in the same way as the other dogs had been used to for, to Mr. Jones. The use of the dogs begins the evil use of force, which helps Napoleon maintain power. Later, the dogs do even more horrible things when they are instructed to kill the animals labelled "disloyal." Stalin, too, had his own special force of "helpers". Really there are followers loyal to any politician or government leader, but Stalin in particular needed a special police force to eliminate his opponents. This is how Trotsky was killed. I think most types of human nature is represented in the book 'Animal Farm' which draws attention to many different aspects of life. I think I would most likely be a bit like Benjamin the donkey, but not totally like him. I would probably understand a bit about what's going on but I would be too scared to rebel against the pigs until it's too late. Page 1 ? satire-represents, is similar to Ruth Gallafant Page 1 ...read more.

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