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Animal Farm, by George Orwell - reason for the story

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Introduction

In his introduction to the Animal Farm, George Orwell clearly makes no secret of the fact that his writing is single-mindedly focused on the obliteration of totalitarian regimes. In Animal Farm, Orwell comments on the history and rhetoric of the Russian Revolution, retelling the story of the emergence and development of soviet communism in the form of an animal fable. Animal Farm, while obviously referring to the general scope of all forms of totalitarian governments, is largely seen as a satire of the Russian Revolution, that people could only change the tyrants through revolting. Later these tyrants become worse than the previous regime. Judging from Orwell's intentions for writing Animal Farm, Orwell would have responded to Gulliver's Travels by criticizing the events in the land of the Lilliputians. Orwell would have criticized Pangloss' philosophy, and how religion and government oppressed people in Candide. Finally, he would criticize the social inequality and societal tendency towards class stratification in the Notes from Underground. The message in Animal Farm was received and interpreted differently by many people. Orwell clarifies himself in his article "Why I Write" that; "Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism... ...read more.

Middle

With his philosophy that "Napoleon is always right...I will work harder"3 regardless of oppression, boxer is exploited even more by pigs than Mr. Jones the overthrown owner of the farm. Therefore, he represents the peasants who are lied to and mistreated by political figures out for personal gain. In addition, Orwell shows his contemporaries how totalitarian government used propaganda and manipulated language to deceive them. The sweet-tongued pig named Squealer abuses language to justify Napoleon's actions and policies toward the proletariat by whatever means seemed necessary. By thoroughly simplifying language, he teaches the sheep to bleat "four legs good, two legs better."4 He limits the terms by complicating language, thus confuses and intimidates the uneducated. He later uses perplexing vocabulary of false impenetrable about ever accessing the froth without the pigs' mediation. Hence, Squealer's lack of conscience and unwavering loyalty to his leader, along with his rhetorical skills, makes him perfect propagandist. However, Orwell criticizes the disaffected intellectuals like himself, who are potentially powerful because of their writing ability, but fail to use that power effectively. Judging from views expressed in Animal Farm, Orwell would have responded in Swift's views to Gulliver's Travels by satirizing the events in the land of Lilliputians, at the same time, he would be skeptical of the utopian land of the "Houyhnhnms."5 Orwell would satirize the lack of societal gratitude. ...read more.

Conclusion

Orwell would compare the Underground man's superiority and pigs' superiority, while he would admire Liza's redeemable character. Thus, both authors' comments on the development of a tyranny class that maintains and establishes class structures in the society. In Animal Farm, Orwell warns against a fallacious solutions to the social problems criticized in the other three works. Swift criticized societal ingratitude especially from the British ruling class, while Voltaire commented on the religious and political oppression in England and France. On the other hand, Dostoyevsky talked about class stratification, and power of tyrants in implementing this social inequality and the threats that they pose to democracy and freedom. However, Orwell argues that the resolutions for the above problems are more dangerous than the problems themselves. As they are clearly demonstrated in, his novella, when the animals solved their oppression from man, but suffered a greater oppression from the pigs. Orwell seems to be saying some cures are worse than disease. 1 Orwell George, Animal Farm, U.S.A, Signet Classic,1946, p 16 2 Orwell, p 67 3 0rwell, p 70 4 Orwell, p 132 5 Swift Jonathan, Gulliver's Travels, London, Penguin Classic, 2001,P 210 6 Swift, P 21 7 Voltaire, Candide, London, Penguin Classic, 1947, P 20 8 Dostoyevsky, Notes from Underground, U.S.A, Signet Classic, 1980, p 96 1 ...read more.

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