• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Animal Farm, by George Orwell - reason for the story

Extracts from this document...


In his introduction to the Animal Farm, George Orwell clearly makes no secret of the fact that his writing is single-mindedly focused on the obliteration of totalitarian regimes. In Animal Farm, Orwell comments on the history and rhetoric of the Russian Revolution, retelling the story of the emergence and development of soviet communism in the form of an animal fable. Animal Farm, while obviously referring to the general scope of all forms of totalitarian governments, is largely seen as a satire of the Russian Revolution, that people could only change the tyrants through revolting. Later these tyrants become worse than the previous regime. Judging from Orwell's intentions for writing Animal Farm, Orwell would have responded to Gulliver's Travels by criticizing the events in the land of the Lilliputians. Orwell would have criticized Pangloss' philosophy, and how religion and government oppressed people in Candide. Finally, he would criticize the social inequality and societal tendency towards class stratification in the Notes from Underground. The message in Animal Farm was received and interpreted differently by many people. Orwell clarifies himself in his article "Why I Write" that; "Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism... ...read more.


With his philosophy that "Napoleon is always right...I will work harder"3 regardless of oppression, boxer is exploited even more by pigs than Mr. Jones the overthrown owner of the farm. Therefore, he represents the peasants who are lied to and mistreated by political figures out for personal gain. In addition, Orwell shows his contemporaries how totalitarian government used propaganda and manipulated language to deceive them. The sweet-tongued pig named Squealer abuses language to justify Napoleon's actions and policies toward the proletariat by whatever means seemed necessary. By thoroughly simplifying language, he teaches the sheep to bleat "four legs good, two legs better."4 He limits the terms by complicating language, thus confuses and intimidates the uneducated. He later uses perplexing vocabulary of false impenetrable about ever accessing the froth without the pigs' mediation. Hence, Squealer's lack of conscience and unwavering loyalty to his leader, along with his rhetorical skills, makes him perfect propagandist. However, Orwell criticizes the disaffected intellectuals like himself, who are potentially powerful because of their writing ability, but fail to use that power effectively. Judging from views expressed in Animal Farm, Orwell would have responded in Swift's views to Gulliver's Travels by satirizing the events in the land of Lilliputians, at the same time, he would be skeptical of the utopian land of the "Houyhnhnms."5 Orwell would satirize the lack of societal gratitude. ...read more.


Orwell would compare the Underground man's superiority and pigs' superiority, while he would admire Liza's redeemable character. Thus, both authors' comments on the development of a tyranny class that maintains and establishes class structures in the society. In Animal Farm, Orwell warns against a fallacious solutions to the social problems criticized in the other three works. Swift criticized societal ingratitude especially from the British ruling class, while Voltaire commented on the religious and political oppression in England and France. On the other hand, Dostoyevsky talked about class stratification, and power of tyrants in implementing this social inequality and the threats that they pose to democracy and freedom. However, Orwell argues that the resolutions for the above problems are more dangerous than the problems themselves. As they are clearly demonstrated in, his novella, when the animals solved their oppression from man, but suffered a greater oppression from the pigs. Orwell seems to be saying some cures are worse than disease. 1 Orwell George, Animal Farm, U.S.A, Signet Classic,1946, p 16 2 Orwell, p 67 3 0rwell, p 70 4 Orwell, p 132 5 Swift Jonathan, Gulliver's Travels, London, Penguin Classic, 2001,P 210 6 Swift, P 21 7 Voltaire, Candide, London, Penguin Classic, 1947, P 20 8 Dostoyevsky, Notes from Underground, U.S.A, Signet Classic, 1980, p 96 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Animal Farm section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Animal Farm essays

  1. Why Did George Orwell Write Animal Farm?

    They just "directed and supervised" the other animals. This shows leadership and slight domination. Also, it indicates that the pigs are too superior to the other animals to have to do any of the work. When the milk on the farm disappears, no one instantly admits to taking it.

  2. Compare and contrast the themes of revolution in Animal Farm by George Orwell and ...

    The animals carry a rebellion in which they exile their master. Farmer Jones is kicked out of the farm and now two pigs Snowball and Napoleon take charge. The animals start their usual work o the farm. They find it hard but with Snowball who was quick to solve any problems.

  1. Animal Farm Critical - George Orwell has written his novel 'Animal Farm' on three ...

    However, Napoleon always manages to convince the other animals he has done nothing wrong, either by blaming things on the driven out Snowball, or by using his spin-doctor Squealer to convince the other animals that they themselves are to blame.

  2. Discuss the presentation of poverty and deprivation in 'down and Out in Paris and ...

    He says the 'tramp monster' is enshrined in the mind of people and he says that they are docile and emphasises the idea that tramps cannot afford to be drunkards. The Paris section was very entertaining and from my point of view I think it is presented well, a combination between social issues and the amusing anecdotes.

  1. An analysis of Eric Arthur Blairs writing

    The old picture of St. Clement's Church in the room that Winston rents above Mr. Charrington's shop is another representation of the lost past. Winston associates a song with the picture that ends with the words "Here comes the chopper to chop off your head!"(1984 5)

  2. Trace carefully the stages by which the Pigs take control of Animal Farm

    Another example is where Snowball and Napoleon starts to lead the other animal into the farmhouse after the expulsion of Mr. Jones, "...this was theirs too, but they were frightened to go inside..." this plainly suggests that while the other animals don't have the leadership qualities of the pigs, the pigs take advantage and lead in.

  1. The parallels between Animal Farm and soviet history.

    His ideas for the expansion of the socialistic economy were eventually adopted by Stalin in his five year plan of 1928. Stalin's plan called for the 'drastic' and 'comprehensive' collectivization of the state's economy. Like Stalin, Napoleon wanted the collectivization, "he argued that the great need of the moment was

  2. Comparison between the Satirical Methods wthich Swift uses in Gulliver's Travel and Orwell uses ...

    human tools in a comical way "it is not easy for a pig to balance on a ladder", whereas some of Swift's humour is scatological, this causes much offence to certain people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work