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Animal Farm By George Orwell - symbolism and meaning

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Introduction

Animal Farm By George Orwell "Animal Farm" is George Orwell's rendition of the Russian Revolution in a smaller scale using an English farm to represent the country of Russia. At the start of the book, the animals are discussing how much they dislike their current farm master, Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones is the owner of Manor Farm, the farm on which all the animals live, and he represents the Russian Czar regime. The animals begin to discuss ways that they can overthrow Mr. Jones. Their discussions represent views that are similar to those of the organizations and people attempting to overthrow the Czar government in Russia prior to the Russian Revolution. During the book, some of the main leaders of the farm animals show signs of similarity to prominent leaders in Russia. One of the leaders fighting for power, Napoleon, displays similarities to Joseph Stalin and another, Snowball, is similar to Leon Trotsky. Each one of these animal leaders shows similarities in behavior and actions to their Russian counterparts. As the book continues, the animals are able to overthrow Mr. Jones and take control of the farm government for themselves. ...read more.

Middle

When Snowball was driven out, however, Napoleon showed his fickleness by changing sides and proposing the windmill idea as his own. When questioned about Napoleon changing views on the windmill, Squealer, the communication pig of the government, stated that the windmill was originally Napoleon's own idea and that Snowball stole it from him. He also said that the reason Napoleon was against it at first was because he was using his supreme intelligence to fool the animals that he was against the windmill so that he could drive Snowball out of the farm. Squealer was excellent at thinking on his feet and was great at deceiving the animals to get them to believe what he told them. The neighboring farms owned by Mr. Frederick and Mr. Pilkington represent the countries of Germany and England. On Mr. Frederick's farm he abuses his animals as well as starves many of them to their deaths. Mr. Pilkington is very peaceful and keeps his farm very well. Napoleon entered into business deals with both Frederick and Pilkington but backed out of Pilkington's deal in favor of the Frederick deal. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition to sleeping and living in the farm house and using all of the man made conveniences that he outlawed at the start of his reign, Napoleon begins to drink alcohol and uses much of the food surplus to trade for cases of whisky. Napoleon's drinking habits result in another of the commandments being changed by adding the words "to excess" to the end of the commandment outlawing the animals drinking of alcohol. Eventually, so many of the commandments are changed that the commandment wall is erased and replaced by the words, "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others." The "some animals," of course, referring to the pigs. Many of the pigs are also seen walking on two legs as if to emulate human behavior almost exactly. So much of the pigs' behavior mirrored that of the humans on the farm prior to the revolution that Animal Farm made absolutely no progress through the years the book covered. Animal Farm was a great commentary on political leaders and their personal agendas. It also showed that people need to be careful and look beyond the words when picking their politicians and leaders. Animal farm was a great novel and a very impressive representation of the Russian revolution on a smaller scale. ...read more.

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