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Animal Farm, George Orwell

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Introduction

Hilary Platt 10L1 Mrs. Nelson Animal Farm In writing Animal Farm, George Orwell had two main goals in mind. His first goal was to write this novel as an attack on what he perceived as Soviet Communism. His other goal was to write it, as a satire on those who yearn for a utopian society, which he felt, was difficult, if not impossible to reach. He saw that Communism was an attempt on creating somewhat of a utopia. The reason why it failed was because if a government is in the hands of one main ruler the ruler will become corrupt and therefore it isn't a utopia anymore. Throughout the book Orwell manages to achieve these two goals and to teach his readers a very important lesson, "Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely"(Lord Acton). Despite the fact that Orwell wrote his book to parallel Soviet communism, his intention was not only to produce a satire on Russia, but to also teach humanity a lesson about human nature. Power should never be in the hands of one singular person or group of persons. Notwithstanding anyone's good intentions when they take over the reins of society and are prepared to govern it; if power is unchecked, the one person who has absolute power will eventually be corrupted absolutely, and according to Locke, the purpose of the government will have been defeated. ...read more.

Middle

This hope and Lenin's prompting led the revolt against the Czar, Farmer Jones. After the death of Lenin a power struggle between Stalin and Trotsky started which can parallel to the struggle between Snowball and Napoleon. Snowball introduced the idea of the windmill to supply electricity, which can be compared to the industrial revolution in Russia. The growth of factory and industry in Russia was very depressing but depended on the obligatory labor of serfs, which can be compared to the never-ending labor of Boxer in Animal Farm. During a debate between Napoleon and Snowball about the benefits of building a windmill, Napoleon called his dogs out to exile Snowball from the farm. This very much symbolizes when Stalin exiled Trotsky. Trotsky and Stalin's relationship was very much like Snowball's and Napoleon's. Trotsky organized the Red Army and gave inspiring speeches that took the hearts of the people. Everyone thought that he would win the power over Stalin. But Trotsky lost all the power to Stalin when he was expelled. Another parallel between the Soviet Union and Animal Farm is propaganda. Propaganda is a useful tool in any totalitarian society. In Animal Farm, Squealer, Napoleons messenger, was the form of propaganda because he "brainwashed" the animals by making them believe what the pigs were doing was the right thing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Now even though the animals are trying to hold on to there past they are actually losing it. The animals' history is their revolution and revolutionary feelings of striving for freedom and equality of all animals. However, what actually turned out was an inequality of the animals and no hope for any future with equality (Smyer). The theme throughout Animal Farm is presented through the allegory of corrupt pigs and the passivity of the barnyard animals. The book was written to express Orwell's disenchantment with the state of human nature. The point he is trying to make is that even when we begin with honorable intentions, there will be those who let their base instinct take control. Orwell portrays this nature by parodying events in real history. What he was trying to teach by writing this book was that power, in the hands of few, is corrupting and doesn't benefit the general people. Something we must understand is that given the right conditions, events like those portrayed in "Animal Farm" or particularly those events that occurred during the Russian Revolution can happen anywhere. We don't have to look to far to see how certain third world governments today are able to control their population with fear and intimidation; Syria, Iraq, Serbia, to name a few. ...read more.

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