• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Arguments for and against Animal testing. I disagree with K. Archibalds opinion of banning animal testing because every day, many people are saved from diseases and death because of great medical treatments and drugs we have.

Extracts from this document...


Animal testing I feel greatly pleased that I am going to free my mind about a topic, which always gets a lot of attention by most people: should we test pharmaceuticals on humans, not animals? However, I feel quite unqualified to write about this because some of us worry about animals, people and most of us are thankful for the benefits of recent medicines and look forward to new ways of expanding and developing our life. This makes animal research a complicated matter. The article above is by Kathy Archibald, who is the director of Europeans of Medical Progress, an independent organisation of scientists whose concern is patient safety. In his article, he suggested that animals are no longer needed in medical research because nobody benefits from animal testing as they failed to prevent further disasters for most diseases. According to David Graham, "associate director of the US Food and Drug Administration's Office of Drug Safety, an estimated 88,000 to 139,000 Americans alone had heart attacks or strokes as a result of taking Vioxx". ...read more.


This number is increasing, as more researches are required to treat diseases. Other animals used in labs are insects such as fruit flies and worms and they are used in very large numbers. The majority of animals in laboratories are used for genetic manipulation, surgical intervention or injection of foreign substances. Animal experiments are strongly controlled in the UK. Every scientist must hold a Home Office Licence to test drugs on animals. Every scientific project is reviewed by a vet; an ethics committee and finally the Home Office which may take several months before any experimentation starts to take place. While I was doing my research, I discovered that an animal experimenting was common in the UK. It was the key to the development of the field of human medicine. Here is a list of the average number of operations performed in the UK in a year: � 3,000,000 operations under general anaesthetic � 90,000 cataract operations � 60,000 joint replacements � 13,000 coronary bypasses � 10,000 pacemakers implanted ...read more.


I think this is the reason why many American people died of having a heart attack or strokes because of taking Vioxx. There is no doubt that animal tests cannot foresee with complete conviction what will occur in humans, nor are they expected to. Animal researches allow researchers to obtain as close as possible to the situation in humans before testing an experimental medicine in human. Those against the use of animal testing claim that it is inhumane to use animals in experiments. I disagree completely. It would be much more inhumane to test new drugs on children or adults. Even if it were possible, it would also take much longer to see potential effects, because of the length of time we live compared to laboratory animals such as rats or rabbits. Animal experimentation raises big questions and provides no simple answers. After much consideration, my own personal position can be summarised by saying that some experiments are clearly justified, whilst others are clearly not. This leaves a significant section where I am still not sure. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise essays

  1. Should animal testing be banned?

    I believe that many people would say that we have a right to test on these animals, as we are a superior and more intelligent species. Contradictory to this (which is one of the stupidest things I have ever heard), humans also say that they are ultimately fighting for the right to equality, whatever the situation whether human or animal.

  2. Animal Testing

    Small animals, such as rats, are used to determine the side effects of new drugs. After animal tests have proven the safety of new drugs, patients asked to participate in further studies can be assured that they may fare better, and will not do worse than if they were given standard treatment or no treatment.

  1. Animal testing

    It is argued by some though that in terms of finding a medical vaccine that animal testing does just not work or in any case slightly misleading. People who are against animal testing say that it is misleading because the response of animals to the drug will be different to that of a humans response.

  2. Lord of the Flies

    William Golding uses these connotations as though he is warning the reader about Jack from the beginning of the book, in chapter 1. 'His face was crumpled...' gives the connotations that he is not a very happy character; instead he is moody and looking for trouble.

  1. Horoscopes: Fact, fiction or fun? Horoscopes are a part of our life, its ...

    those born under this sign revel in delicious excess. Taureans adore comfort and like being surrounded by pleasing soothing things. Taureans value harmony in their personal lives, so they'll work hard on keeping their mate happy. Positive traits of Taurus people are: Disciplined, hard, working, good sense of humour, artistic, loving, creative and Romantic, sensual, Very sexual, affectionate Comforting.

  2. The Great American Dream

    So The Great Gatsby is a novel which sees a character try and exploit the American Dream to win the love of a woman. Fitzgerald tells us that 'Gatsby was overwhelmingly aware of the youth and mystery that wealth imprisons and preserves, of the freshness of many clothes and of

  1. Save the Animals: Stop Animal Testing

    "The American Veterinary Medial Association defines animal pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience perceived as arising from a specific region of the body and associated with actual or potential tissue damage" (Orlans 129). Animals feel pain in many of the same ways that humans do; in fact, their

  2. Compare and contrast the treatments of dogs in To Flush, My Dog by Elizabeth ...

    (Line 9-11) Poppy was even flushed into the toilet by its owner. In RSPCA documents, it focuses on the cruel treatments of Poppy and Trio by their owners. Trio is ?petrified and injured? by its owner (Line 12 in ?Trio Story?).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work