• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the imporatance and the contribution to the "Merchant of Venice" of Act 4 Scene 1, the trial scene.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the imporatance and the contribution to the "Merchant of Venice" of Act 4 Scene 1, the trial scene. William Shakespeare first wrote the Merchant of Venice in around 1600 in quarto. The potrayal of Shylock, the Jew remained comic until around the beginning of the 18th century when he was portrayed as a true villain. In 1814, Shylock's role was depicted as a character to be pitied, and in 1879, he was first portrayed as a tragic character. Subsequent interpretations have varied greatly over the years, but since World War II, he has most often been conceived of as tragic. Scene 4, Act 1 important in one way due to the fact that it contributes to developing greatly the characters of Portia and Shylock. It is common belief that through these scenes Shakespeare is trying to tell us that not all women are stupid as they often, as shown in the scene make fools of the men. Shakespeare might also be attempting to tell us how unmerciful the Jews are through Shylock as Shylock refuses to show mercy to Antonio because of the "lodged hating and a certain lothing" that he bears Antonio which in the eyes of the Audience is not a very good excuse of taking a man's life. ...read more.

Middle

of the flock meetest for death" meaning that he has now become old and he would have died anyway soon so he might as well get his life done and over with now. Gratiano then reinforces the impression that we get of Shylock in the trial scene by calling him a "damned inexecrable dog" that is unmerciful and "wolvish, bloody, starved and ravenous". Here animal imagery is again used by Shakespeare to describe human beings. The animal imagery is used in order to descibe how humans sometimes can act like the wildest animals. By relying on the defence that his actions are justified simply because he feels like them, Shylock appears unpredictable, unjustified and whimsical, and he further fuels our perception of his actions as careless and cruel. The trial scene develops the character of Shylock into a complete shape, before the scene he was presented as a man who was the creation of circumstance, now we are seeing the other side of him: the one that is unmerciful, desperate for revenge, unkind and killing a man just because he feels like it. ...read more.

Conclusion

The emphasis that Portia put on the quality of mercy clearly shows how she and probably other Elizabethans at the time thought that mercy was something that "droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven". Also in my opinion the villain in the plays at that time would not have been expected show mercy and considering the massive amount of racism that was present in the English community at that time, the audience would have found Shylock's pitiful demise quite funny something we fail to even imagine today. Another quite important thing that is in the Merchant of Venice is the concept of Mercy vs Justice. Shylock is driven by Hatred and unfairness and is wholeheartedly committed to taking his pound of flesh from Antonio and thus almost certainly killing him. He has many opputunities to give mercy but refuses. Warned that without mercy all stand condemned by the law he repeats, "What judgement shall I fear, doing no wrong?". This is very ironic because once Portia turns the table on him, it is Shylock's life that hangs in the balance and he is made to kneel and beg before the duke for mercy. The duke is quite merciful and forgives Shylock but Antonio has a couple of very harsh conditions if he is To fo ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Merchant of Venice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Merchant of Venice essays

  1. What is your assessment of the presentation of the character and role of Shylock ...

    victim, and this persistent victimisation has forced him to do some of the things he has done. A final point in this scene where Shylock should be seen as a victim is when Tubal breaks the news of Jessica to him.

  2. Merchant of Venice - Comparing and Contrasting Antonio and Shylock

    Antonio however, refuses to mock or insult him. Shylock says for once in his life he has power. Antonio gives up arguing and pleading his case. "As seek to soften that - his Jewish heart." Antonio realises it is not possible to change Shylock's mind. The Duke questions Shylock, "How is God going to let you into Heaven with no mercy."

  1. How just is the outcome of the trial scene for Shylock in the Merchant ...

    Surprising, Shylock values more of his money than his daughter Jessica, even before her parting to a Christian, Lorenzo. He is also rather obsessive about his faith of being a Jew, which is why he refuses to eat, drink and pray with the Christians (Act 1 Scene 3)

  2. Act 4 Scene 1 - Merchant of Venice - Mercy and Justice

    Usually in the courtroom the accused is standing and the accuser is seated, but this is the other way about. This gives the impression that Shylock is the one on trial when in fact it is Antonio, who is left to his inevitable fate- "To suffer with a quietness of spirit."

  1. How does Shakespeare create tension in the trial scene of The Merchant of Venice?

    shall I say to you, 'let them be free, marry them to you heirs...' you will answer, 'the slaves are ours.' So do I answer you. The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, is dearly bought...' Shylock is implying that the treatment of Christian slaves is no different

  2. Merchant Of Venice - How is Act 4 Scene 1 dramatically effective?

    to humiliate himself and that he wants pay back and wants the pound of flesh, this creates tension and conflict which makes this dramatic. We as the audience know more than what they know on stage, for example we know that the judge and clerk are not real, they are Portia and Nerissa.

  1. ACt 4 scene 1 of The Merchant Of Venice

    This idea is continued by Antonio when he begs everyone to stop pleading with Shylock: I pray you think you question with the Jew. You may as well go stand upon the beach And bid the main flood bate his usual height; You may as well use question with the

  2. Describe the characters and relationships in act 1 scene 3 of

    include pork which was against his religious beliefs 'I will buy with you, sell with you, talk to you, walk with you, and so following; but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you'. Act 1, Scene 3, lines 28-31 Shylock is also a suspicious

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work