• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10

Assess the theological influences on the development of John Wesley's thought.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the theological influences on the development of John Wesley's thought. John Wesley continued to develop his theological ideas throughout his life. "Wesley was himself an eclectic theologian, weaving from the diverse sources of the Christian tradition a theology and practice appropriate to his own situation". 1 His theology drew on four sources of authority 2, in that he saw the essence of Christian life as being revealed in Scripture, illuminated by tradition, vivified in personal experience and confirmed by reason. Scripture In his commentary on the New Testament, Wesley looked at the actual Greek text and he was prepared to alter the Authorised Version. This reflects to some extent the Dissenter background of his family. Although his father turned his back on Dissent 3, Samuel Wesley had been brought up a Dissenter and the family came from a long line of Dissenters. John's maternal grandfather Samuel Annesley had a house in London that became the centre of a large network of Dissent. 4 Therefore, although John Wesley had an Anglican upbringing, there was an atmosphere of questioning and intellectual debate in the family household. Wesley looked at the plain sense of Scripture departing from the tradition of allegorising Scripture. However his questioning background led him to not only look for the literal meaning of the text, but also to understand the spiritual meaning of the passage. ...read more.

Middle

They taught him to question and ensured that he received an excellent education both at home, school and at Oxford. It is interesting to consider which influenced Wesley most, the Dissenting family background, or the Anglican ministry of his father, himself and his brother Charles. It could be argued that the Dissenter background gave Wesley the impetus to move beyond the boundaries of Anglican thought and practice, but it can also be seen that Wesley was a traditional Anglican in many ways and this is particularly evident in his insistence to remain within the Anglican church. Certainly the fact that his parents disagreed on many issues, their strict discipline, their emphasis on education and their struggle against debt 34 had a great influence on how John Wesley behaved as an adult and gave him some of the tools to develop his thoughts. It is difficult to assess whether the hymns of his brother Charles influenced John Wesley's theology or if it was vice versa. It can be judged that the hymns were an important manner of expressing and teaching his developing theology. 35 John Wesley was a great reader and even read whilst travelling on horseback. 36 He had a systematic method of studying, a highly educated and intelligent mind and an openness to ideas and reflective thought, which all helped him to read widely and interpret fully. ...read more.

Conclusion

52 1 Clutterbuck in Marsh et al, 2004, 59. 2 Tabraham, 1995, 16. 3 Waller, 2003, 3. 4 Waller, 2003, 5. 5 Tabraham, 1995, 17. 6 Wesley, Epworth translation 1944, Sermon XII, 144. 7 Tabraham, 1995, 19. 8 Tabraham, 1995, 17. 9 Waller, 2003, 34. 10 Tabraham, 1995, 18. 11 McGrath, 2001, 228-229. 12 McGrath, 2001, 89. 13 Tabraham, 1995, 19. 14 Tabraham, 1995, 21. 15 Langford, 1998, 5. 16 Hattersley, 2002. 17 Langford, 1998, 5. 18 Langford, 1998, 5. 19 Waller, 2003, 49. 20 Waller, 2003, 46-47. 21 Waller, 2003, 62-68. 22 Wesley, Epworth translation 1944, Sermon I, 6. 23 Langford, 1998, 7. 24Tabraham, 1995, 35. 25 Wesley, Epworth translation 1944, Sermon XXXV, 457-476. 26 Langford, 1998, 10. 27 Langford, 1998, 7. 28 Waller, 2003, 45. 29 Waller, 2003, 34. 30 Pollock, 1989, 66. 31 Pollock, 1989, 85. 32 Heitzenrater, 1995, 82-85. 33 Waller, 2003, 57. 34 Waller, 2003, 2-13. 35 Waller, 2003, 65-66. 36 Hattersley, 2002. 37 Waller, 2003, 22. 38 Waller, 2003, 37. 39 Pollock, 1989, 161. 40 Langford, 1998, 9. 41 Langford, 1998, 9. 42 Langford, 1998, 10. 43 McGrath, 2001, 26. 44 Hattersley, 2002. 45 Langford, 1998, 12. 46 Tabraham, 1995, 32. 47 Langford, 1998, 12. 48 Torrance in Hastings et al, 2000, 363. 49 Waller, 2003, 59-61. 50 Enger, in Hastings et al, 2000, 541. 51 Mason, in Hastings et al, 2000, 41. 52 Mason, in Hastings et al, 2000, 41. Josette Crane TM105 Methodist Studies Assignment 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aldous Huxley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aldous Huxley essays

  1. How have John Pilger and Tony Parsons used language to persuade the reader to ...

    Parsons uses comparison as one of the techniques showing how London's begging compares to third world begging. "In Africa you see beggars with deformed legs... "Old men with their eyes turned milky blue by river Blindness led around by their grand children".

  2. What is the John Lewis Partnership?

    This is one of the strategies to remain the high reputation and to kick out its competitors. What are the negatives aspects on John Lewis? According to the interview with the manager, people often buy the home wares instead of the clothes.

  1. Aldous Huxley's Brave New World presents a portrait of a society which is apparently ...

    pleasure once the goal is achieved and do not actually understand the true meaning of happiness. The price for Utopia, in a word, is freedom. Works Cited Primary Source Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. London: Flamingo, 1994. Secondary Source Bedford, Sybill.

  2. How do the authors of two texts you have studied express the reasons for ...

    Children are death trained and taught not to fear but rather marvel at death, as indeed they do when they see John's mother dying yet merely comment on her distorted features, eliminating the painful emotions of grief and loss, and the spiritual significance of death.

  1. How does the film 'Witness' show the clash between Amish culture and modern American ...

    the Amish community were done by hand which means it took a long time as they use no modern technology to aide them. Milk came from cows so milking them was done by hand which was hard work and time consuming, milk was also used to heal johns bullet wound

  2. What have you learnt about the roles of, and society's attitudes to women in ...

    To compound that she is the subject of her master, her husband. To the woman, the master is wiser (he is a good doctor). He is physically superior, and he controls the social situations and preserves "order" by acting like a "man" should.

  1. Write a critical analysis of the passage from

    This little speech confirms that he has in actual fact missed his mother more than we had first thought, or it could have been the simple fact of "out of sight, out of mind". After John has described his busy few days, Tony completely contradicts him by merely saying "Nothing much has happened".

  2. How does the film Witness show the clash between Amish culture and modern American ...

    The use of a bell shows the Amish's openness, as the whole community is made aware of the current situation. As a contrast, most telephone calls involve a level of secrecy as the conversation is usually maintained between only two individuals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work