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At the endof the novel we are told that Scrooge ''became as good a friend, as good amaster, and as good a man, as the good old city knew...'' (last but oneparagraph).

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At the end of the novel we are told that Scrooge ''became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man, as the good old city knew...'' (last but one paragraph). How does this contrast with the Scrooge introduced at the beginning of the novel and what steps led to this conversion? A Christmas Carol, a tale that revolves around a man's fate in the past, the present, and the future. Its story speaks of a man, a man called Ebenezer Scrooge, and the changes in which he goes through. ''Oh! But he was tight-fisted man at the grindstone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, covetous old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice. A frosty rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows, and his wiry chin. He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dog-days, and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas.'' This description describes Scrooge's character brilliantly, it is on the second page of the novel and immediately hits you. I feel that Charles Dickens could not have described his character any better. In my opinion the last sentence has great relevance to the story and his attitude towards all things merry, especially Christmas: ''...his own low temperature...and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas.'' Scrooge is a very cold-hearted, spiteful man, he is never cheerful or in any way nice to anyone. The only people who he at the very least endures or respects are men of great importance or wealth, but also his fellow businessmen. ...read more.


I should have given him something: that's all.'' We see here a change beginning to appear in him, could this be the same Scrooge we saw at the start of the story? The spirit then shows Scrooge a future Christmas. Scrooge notices that the classroom has deteriorated but Scrooge's former self is still there alone. Suddenly something causes Scrooge to glance at the classroom door: ''...with a mournful shaking of his head, glanced anxiously towards the door.'' Suddenly Scrooge's younger sister Fan bursts through the door. Scrooge's sister is a happy, pleasant child who comes to tell her brother that this Christmas, he shall be going home with her. Scrooge remains silent throughout this conversation, listening avidly to his former-self and younger sister's discussion. The spirit had transported Scrooge to yet another time and place, this time it was his old apprenticeship in London with his old master Mr.Fezziwig. Scrooge's reaction to seeing his old tutor, the man he used to respect and look upon with such high regard. Is excitement and joy at remembering his time under his guidance. We also see Scrooge's eagerness to work and carry out his task as flawlessly as possible: ''You wouldn't believe how those two fellows went at it! They charged into the street with the shutters... and came back before you could have got to twelve, panting like racehorses.'' We learn that Fezziwig is throwing a huge Christmas party, Scrooge stares quietly at the drama unfolding before them, feasts, dancing, music and all manner of joyous pastimes: ''During the whole of this time Scrooge had acted like a man out of his wits. His heart and soul were in the scene, and with his former self. He corroborated everything, remembered everything, enjoyed everything...'' This displays that Scrooge has not completely lost touch with his former self, and also that there is a part of Scrooge which has remained long buried. ...read more.


We see here Scrooge playing a practical joke on his helpless employee Bob Cratchit, he decides to get to work purposely before Bob so he can catch him being late. Bob of course has no idea of the drastic change in Scrooge and so is terrified of the old Scrooge he knows only too well: ''Bob trembled, and got a little nearer to the ruler. He has a momentary idea of knocking Scrooge down with it, holding him, and calling to the people in the court for help...'' But in fact Scrooge only raises his wages, poor Bob is completely dumbstruck during this not knowing whether Scrooge is mad. This show's Scrooge's compassion, and his concern for the well being of the Cratchit family clearly. The change in Scrooge has been a drastic, vigorous and tiring affair. Scrooge has developed many new attitudes and feeling, which until now have been alien to him. Scrooge's coldness and cruelty in contrast with his compassion and warmth has a startling effect, one could say that the Scrooge that we knew at the beginning of the novel is dead. But in my opinion Scrooge has lifted that part of his personality away from him. Without the visits from these spirits Scrooge would have definitely gone the way the spirits had shown him. This quote sums up the resulting change in Scrooge: ''He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man as the good old City knew...Some people laughed to see the alteration in him, but he let them laugh,'' So we see that Scrooge was indeed saved from the terrible fate that would have otherwise inevitably destroyed him. And also became a model citizen, who mended the error of his ways, strived for good and became a man with no burdens. Except, the burdens of his loved ones and the less fortunate. Thank you for reading my work, Hywel Jones 10LL ...read more.

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