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Battles and arms of the Civil War

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Battle of Antietam Also known to the Southern as the Battle of Sharpsburg, this was the first major battle fought on Northern soil. It was fought on September 17, 1862. With the casualties of about 23 thousand, this was the bloodiest single-day battle fought in the civil war. Confederate leader General Robert E. Lee with 45 thousand men moved on through Maryland. Leaving the battle plans behind wrapped in three cigars, his army divided to take certain parts around the Maryland area. The Union under the command of Major General George B. McClellan was to intercept Lee, but by mistake, a union soldier found Lee's battle plan. With this advantage, they set up fortify positions according to the map and made their move on the Confederate. After hours of fighting, the Confederate surrendered. They made truths and collected the wounded. Lee was to fall back into Virginia leaving a Union victory. The Union casualties were up to 12,401 and the Confederate were up to 10,318. ...read more.


One corps under Major General Thomas L. Crittenden went strait to Chattanooga, important city for the Union. Bragg, who controlled the city, was force to retreat while Crittenden took over. With reinforcements, Bragg made his attack to gain the city. Crittenden, who reunited with the other corps, could not hold off the Confederate and retreated. The Union suffered 1,657 casualties while the Confederate suffered 2,312. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chickamauga_Creek) General Thomas C. Devin When he joined the Union army, he was a captain. Later in the year, he was promoted to colonel of the 6th New York Cavalry. His main service was in the Maryland Campaign. He was part of the assault in the Battle of Antietam. After the Battle of Fredericksburg, he became brigade leader. In the Battle of Chancellorsville, he was the only cavalry in General Stoneman's raid. Under the command of General Buford, he was nicked named "Buford's Hard Hitter", for his worthiness during the Battle of Gettysburg. Through out his time, he became Brigadier General in 1864 and continued his fight in the Battle of Cedar Creek and the Battle of Sayler's Creek. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Devin) ...read more.


Every soldier would try to get one of these. Having one gave a soldier pride. The flaw of the rifle is the fact it didn't have a hand guard, meaning the soldier had to hold it by the barrel. With repeating shooting, the barrel would get so hot that it could burn the skin right off a hand. Confederate soldiers nicknamed this rifle "That damned Yankee rifle that was loaded on Sunday and fired all week." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_rifle) Minnie Ball This was a big improvement of the old lead ball muskets fired. Because of air resistance, a lead ball would slow down. But instead of going against the wind, this bullet had a point to pierce the wind. And it could easily rotate from the groves of a rifle, making the bullet faster and more accurate. Why was the bullet so deadly? The main reason was the fact that it was made of soft lead. When the bullet would hit a bone, it would shatter inside the wound and the lead would go through the blood stream. So to stop the infected blood from spreading, doctors amputated limbs. Because of amputation, soldiers died from infections, loss of blood, and some people even died of shock. ...read more.

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