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Biography on the life of Charles Dickens.

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Biography on the life of Charles Dickens Charles John Huffam Dickens, one of the greatest ever Victorian writers was born on 7th February 1812 in Landport, Portsmouth as the son of John and Elizabeth Dickens. His family moved to Chatham, and Dickens considered his years there as the happiest of his childhood. His father John worked as a clerk in the Navy Payroll Office in Portsmouth and then in 1822, they moved back to London, where the family lived in Camden Town. Dickens' family was considered middle class, but his father had a difficult time managing money. His spending had brought the family to financial disaster, and in 1824, John Dickens was put in prison for debt. Charles was left school at the age of 12 and go to work at Warren's Blacking Factory, which was a shoe dye factory, to help support the Dickens family. During this period, Dickens lived alone in a lodging house in North London and considered the entire experience the most terrible of his life and would later write that he wondered 'how I could have been so easily cast away at such an age'.


In 1834, still a newspaper reporter, he adopted the soon to be famous pseudonym "Boz." He then provided a comic narrative to accompany a series of engravings, which were published as the Pickwick Papers in 1836. Within several months, Dickens became internationally popular. He resigned from his position as a newspaper reporter and became editor of a monthly magazine entitled Bentley's Miscellany. His father, who was the original of Mr. Micawber in David Copperfield, as Dickens's mother was the original Mrs. Nickleby, was once again arrested for debt, and Charles was forced to come to his aid. Later in his life both of his parents were frequently after him for money. In 1835 he met and became engaged to Catherine Hogarth. On 2nd April 1836, Dickens married Catherine Hogarth. Together, they had nine surviving children, before they separated in 1858. After the success of Pickwick, Dickens embarked on a full-time career as a novelist. Oliver Twist was begun in 1837, and continued in monthly parts until April 1839.


Dickens had performed more than 400 times. The readings sometimes left him exhausted and ill, but they allowed him to increase his income and stay in touch with his audience. His marriage broke up with Catherine, Dickens moved permanently to his country house called Gad's Hill, near Chatham in 1860. It was also around this time that Dickens became involved in an affair with a young actress named Ellen Ternan. The affair lasted until Dickens death, but it was kept quite secret. Dickens was required to abandon his reading tours in 1869 because his health wasn't good anymore. He moved to Gad's Hill and began to work on Edwin Drood, which was never completed. He died suddenly at home on June 9, 1870. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. Dickens would go on to write 15 major novels and countless short stories and articles before his death on June 9, 1870. The inscription on his tombstone in Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey reads: "He was a sympathiser to the poor, the suffering, and the oppressed; and by his death, one of England's greatest writers is lost to the world". Novel - Charles Dickens - Hard Times

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