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Both Lord of the Flies and Frankenstein explore the factors of nature and nurture upon the development of the monster and Jack.

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Introduction

Holly Squire 20th June Both Lord of the Flies and Frankenstein explore the factors of nature and nurture upon the development of the monster and Jack. In Lord of the flies and Frankenstein, how do the factors of nature and nurture contribute to the monstrous development of the monster in Frankenstein and Jack in Lord of the Flies? Explain the influence of nature and nurture on Jack and the monster. How do shelly and Golding portray their characters as monstrous? (Jack and the Monster) How far have contemporary ideas about nature and nurture changed in the 150 years between the publications of the two books? In his most celebrated novel, William Golding used a group of boys stranded on a tropical island to illustrate the malicious nature of mankind. They are victims of a war which is still taking place elsewhere. Golding shows how the boys adapt to the island, learning how to make fire, to build shelters, to hunt and to maintain discipline. Initially they relish in their new found freedom, but under the strain of their total isolation from society they develop tensions which finally break out into conflict. They reject their first leader Ralph, replacing him with jack; who seems better able to cope with the physical hardships of the island. The community they develop around him is aggressive but also prepared to accept his absolute authority. When finally rescued the boys have lost all touch with the civilised values of their former existence. They have become like savages. Golding believed that there was darkness at the heart of Man, and that he would always turn to corruption, evil and violence. His society on the island reflects his belief, and he has at the centre a figure or symbol of that evil: the Lord of the Flies. The tale of Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, focuses on the outcome of one man's idealistic motives and desires of dabbling with nature, which result in the creation of a horrific creature. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore "evil became his good" like he says. We see the pinnacle of human goodness in De Lacey's family, which the monster admired, but for all their kindness they still beat and ran from the monster, which emphasised his loneliness and forced him to savagery although his actions are obviously meant to hurt Victor. It is as though the creature was not born a monster, he became a monster only when he realized that that is all he could be. The De Lacey's wouldn't accept him, Frankenstein, the villagers; no one he met would give him a chance. The monsters love for nature and music shown when spying on the De Lacey's shows he is not a monstrous figure to begin with, it is through being rejected that he becomes immoral. Although it could be in his nature to be evil as victor made him for different parts of criminals and murderers. Plus the monster was a very intelligent one. He was eloquent, convincing, learned, and very quick, as is demonstrated by his complete assimilation of the French language, the art of reading, and nuances of human nature in his stay with the De Lacey's. He is, therefore, more than capable of forming his own views of morality. And moreover, they are the correct views. His intentions while with the De Lacey's are honourable and beneficent. It is only after being rejected by them that the ugly side shows itself and bad goes to worse as he burns down their cottage. You can't say he didn't know the difference between good and evil. It simply wouldn't stand. And even if all the misfortunes in the world were heaped upon his shoulders, he wouldn't be able to erase that knowledge. Even the monster admits that knowledge, once learned, can't be unlearned. It is the monsters own inability to separate his outer appearance from his moral potential that leads to his own downfall. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also felt that we blamed Germany. He wanted to show that we all have the capacity for evil. There are many different interpretations of both Lord of the Flies and Frankenstein, with Lord of the Flies the allegorical meaning is much easier to interpret as it is a story we can relate to more. One interpretation of Frankenstein could be that, she is presenting the story of her own tormented life. Just as her mother died at her birth and her father blamed her, so does the "father," Frankenstein's early intentions. And as she was blamed for her terrible crime of birth and thus the murder of her mother, so is "The Monster" credited for the monstrosity he is. It could be that Mary Shelley is not condoning this behaviour, but rising up against it! Lord of the flies, is mainly Golding expressing his distaste in the nature of man kind, using metaphors and symbols, such as- The parachutist, perhaps a symbol of the crucified Christ, who is on the cross (or hanging from the tree) as a symbol of the black nature at the heart of man, who killed him to conquer evil, ironically. It could also be that that the real monster is Victor Frankenstein as he acts more monstrous than the actual monster. "He gnashed his teeth.....he tore the body to pieces." Although on the other hand he was so obsessed with the deaths that were occurring that he actually wanted to prevent death from happening so he invented the monster. So in answer to my question In Lord of the flies and Frankenstein, how do the factors of nature and nurture contribute to the monstrous development of the monster in Frankenstein and Jack in Lord of the Flies? Its simple without the nature of nurture factors the stories simply wouldn't exists, as it is both nature and nurture that give humans their character. They are the key factors throughout the will always turn to corruption, evil and violence" I believe Frankenstein is an exercise of the human mind, debateable from religion to abortion. . Holly Squire English June ...read more.

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