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Brave New World

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Introduction

What are Mustapha Mond's arguments against freedom? Is there any validity to them? Do you think there is a 'winner' of his debate with John? Mustapha Mond's arguments are mainly put across during chapter sixteen, through his debate with John. He feels that stability and conditioning are key to society. Without conditioning, there would no be stability and to him stability is paramount to create an ideal utopia. He says, 'Our world is not the same as Othello's world. You can't make tragedies without social instability. The world's stable now. People are happy; they get what they want'. This is true to a certain extent- they're well off; they're safe; they're never ill; they're ignorant of passion, etc. ...read more.

Middle

This is economic stability but emotional, social, psychological stability are created through economic consumption. There are four main areas that Mond feels worth sacrificing in place for stability. The first things are feelings, passions, commitments, relationships. This is because mothers, fathers, children all produce emotional instability, strife, unhappiness as well great highs in life. Mond says 'The strength of feeling is dangerous to society', this is because feeling is an arrested impulse and anyone could do anything. Secondly, equality. Mond makes it very clear that stability depends on inequality. 'A society of alphas couldn't fail to be unstable and miserable'. Their society needs lower castes to do lower castes jobs and likewise for upper castes otherwise, people would rebel, want more freedom, it would be chaos for after all, the world state's motto is 'Community, Identity, Stability'. ...read more.

Conclusion

He says, 'You've got to chose between happiness and what people used to high art. We've sacrificed the high art. We have the feelies and the scent organ instead.' To Mustapha Mond, his points are valid, if applied to his own society. They create an ideal utopia where 'everyone is happy' and essentially form the basis of Brave New World. However, to us the idea of this society is both scary and weird in light of today's recent scientific advances. In conclusion, I don't think that there is a winner of the debate between Mustapha Mond and John. In the end Mustapha Mond chooses civilisation after nearly being exiled as a young man and John chooses not civilisation but the way in which he lived before. They were both given a glimpse of another life to what they had, only to prefer what they were used to and after consideration liked better. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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