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By 1943 Great Britain had overcome the threat passed by the German aircraft and submarines. Explain the reasons for the outcome of the Battle of Britain and the Battle of Atlantic.

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Introduction

History Coursework: By 1943 Great Britain had overcome the threat passed by the German aircraft and submarines. Explain the reasons for the outcome of the Battle of Britain and the Battle of Atlantic. The French had been defeated and P�tain had agreed terms with the Germans who had occupied the northern section of France. P�tain had set up a government in Vichy down in the south of France. General de Gaulle however set up an organisation in resistance of Germany called the 'Free French' in London. The Germans had come as far as France and still, ambitious as they were, wanted to go further by invading Britain. Whilst the Germans had begun to plan the invasion of Great Britain, they decided that they would break the supply lines of the British. This was because Britain had they most tons of shipping. In 1939 Britain had 21 million tons of merchant shipping whereas Japan, Germany and Italy put together had only 13 and a half million tons. The supplies of Britain came from USA and Canada through the Atlantic Ocean. The Germans decided to cut these supplies, using their U-boats, and this lead to the Battle of Atlantic. During the early 1940's Britain was at war with Germany resisting both over Britain (in the Battle of Britain: July - October 1940) ...read more.

Middle

This move was a bad mistake because if he had carried on bombing the factories and the bases the in a while Britain would no longer have any planes to fight with. So the Germans had the chance of totally wiping out the RAF, but they didn't. The British RAF had radar and this was a major success in the Battle of Britain because they could see the Luftwaffe coming over to Britain and then they sent the sufficient amount of planes to meet them. The radar was a huge part in the victory of the British. The British also benefited during the war because none of the German bombers were quick enough for either the Spitfire or the Hurricane. However the German fighter plane (ME 109) was more manoeuvrable than the Hurricane but not as good as the Spitfire. As the Spitfire took up only one third (1/3) of the RAF, it wasn't too much of an advantage. The Germans were using good fighters here and at the same time the U-boats were doing amazingly well in the Atlantic Ocean. In the Battle of Atlantic the Germans done what they could to get to the British and one of the two main events was the Battle of Atlantic. In this battle the Germans had the upper hand. ...read more.

Conclusion

The RAF planes were in radio contact with the British navy and therefore the navy could benefit a lot. This is because the navy could then tell where the U-boats were, as they already had radar and plus an extra view from above (planes). The allies produced newer destroyers and they were mainly American and also they were fitted with immense weaponry because they had the new hedgehog system. This was a weapon, which released multiple numbers of rockets at once instead of one by one and this was used to inflict more damage to the Germans. All of these things hugely contributed to the victory of the allies and Britain. In conclusion the main factor for British success against the Germans in both the Battle of Britain and in the Battle of Atlantic was the radar system. The radar system helped so much in the Battle of Britain by showing the RAF when the Germans were coming, how many were coming and how fast they were coming. This would have given the British a head start because they knew where they would meet their opposition exactly. In the Battle of Atlantic the British were always looking for a radar system and they kept on experimenting with the system all for the right reasons because when they finally received it the won the battle. In both of the battles Britain was underneath Germany and Germany always had the upper hand over Britain but the British won both battles because of radar. ...read more.

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