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By what means does Shakespeare engage his audience in Act 3, Scene 4?

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Introduction

By what means does Shakespeare engage his audience in Act 3, Scene 4? The scene begins with Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Ross, Lennox, Lords and Attendants. At this point of the play, Macbeth is King. In this era, most countries had a King. Kings are important because they must take control of the country and make a lot of important decisions. Kings are usually chosen by who is heir to the throne, in this case it was Macbeth. They are all having a Banquet, and King Macbeth, is the host. As Macbeth is the host, it was his idea to have a banquet. At the beginning, everyone on stage is gathered around a table and is eating. One of the murderers enters the scene. Macbeth walks over to him. ...read more.

Middle

An actor plays the ghost; this makes it easier for the audience to understand what is going on. They can see the ghost that is only seen by Macbeth but the other characters can't see it. After a short while, the ghost leaves. The scene continues around the table. Macbeth then speaks which implies a response from the thanes. This is known as self-incrimination. The ghost enters again but leaves on after Macbeth says 'Hence, horrible shadow, unreal mockery, hence!' They continue around the table but then everyone leaves the stage except for Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. The talk on stage but then they leave. Language plays a big part on the impact of this scene. 'Humble Host', Macbeth shows irony when he refers to himself as the 'Humble Host'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Macbeth creates an atmosphere of all pervading when he says 'There's not one of them but in his house I keep a servant fee'd.' When the first murderer speaks about how Banquo was killed, the audience, know that Banquo was killed, but the thanes do not, therefore it is Dramatic Irony. When the ghost enters the audience know, but the Thanes don't. When Lady Macbeth uses the word 'unmanned' the audience recognise previous usage of this word. Macbeth also speaks about Macduff, 'Macduff denies his person at our great bidding?' after this is said the audience become aware of Macduff even though he isn't in this scene. There are quite a lot of parts of this play that are known by the audience but not by some of the people on stage. This gives the audience a greater insight of what is going on in the play. ...read more.

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