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Charles Dickens wrote one of his best sellers 'A Christmas Carol' in 1843.

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Introduction

Charles Dickens wrote one of his best sellers 'A Christmas Carol' in 1843. Between 1838 and 1842 there were high levels of unemployment because the economy was in recession - this was the era he wrote his later novel in. Later on this era was referred to as 'the hungry forties' by some historians. Nine years earlier, 1834, The Poor Law Amendment was guided by the 'principle of less eligibility'. As a result of the 'principle of less eligibility' the Union Workhouses were created. The poor had to be desperate to go there. While Dickens was lodging at his sister Fanny's house with her husband and their crippled five year old son, he conceived the idea of writing a Christmas story about the poor, to bring it to the attention of the wealthier people's attention. Dickens sells the idea of charity and benevolence in his book by having Scrooge being a "...A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, clutching, covetous, old sinner!" who doesn't approve of Christmas or charitable events, as this would mean spending money. Dickens also wrote about this in his book "Pickwick Papers" (December 1836). Dickens implies that even someone like Scrooge can change and find happiness if only he learns to love people. In stave 1, Dickens promotes the idea of benevolence, charity and philanthropy. When Dickens wrote the book it promoted benevolence in such a way that in 1843, Lord Jeffrey said the book "had prompted more positive acts of benevolence than can be traced to all the pulpits in Christendom since 1842". ...read more.

Middle

The happiness he gives, is quite as great as if it cost a fortune." Fezziwig treated Dick and Scrooge with respect and treats them almost as if they are family. Whereas Scrooge treats Cratchit with little respect and makes him work in poor conditions. Dickens includes the section concerning the old Scrooge and his fianc�e, Belle because it shows that Scrooge did love someone but he lost it through love of money. Belle gives Scrooge the chance to break off the engagement because she is poor and she says that Scrooge loves money more than love, he has become mercenary. Dickens shows us where Scrooge chooses money over love. A mistake. Dickens just uses a very short scene that could be a whole novel but instead he of doing that he gives Belle a cameo roll. She could have been the woman of his life, Scrooge wouldn't have ended up a bitter, lonely man. The loneliness of Scrooge is emphasised by Dickens. Scrooge extinguishes the Ghost of Christmas Past. In stave 3, Dickens introduces to us the second of the three ghosts The Ghost of Christmas Present. The start of this stave an attractive scene is painted, Dickens paints such an attractive scene, we cannot help but be moved and excited by Christmas. Dickens describes how Christmas is a good, exciting time. The reader is reminded of this as well as Scrooge. ...read more.

Conclusion

Scrooge dies but only metamorphic ally. In stave 5, Dickens shows that Scrooge is a changed person and Scrooge has now become a comical character. As Scrooge realizes that the bedpost is his own and he is in his bedroom, he is "light as a feather" and "as happy as an angel" and "as merry as a schoolboy." Scrooge is laughing and all the way through the paragraph in which he paided for the turkey, Dickens has written 'chuckle' five times in five lines. As Scrooge walks out to greet everyone with "Merry Christmas", he meets the two charitable gentlemen and whispered an amount in their ears and Scrooge replies "Not a farthing less. A great many back-payments are included in it, I assure you" Scrooge when to his nephew's, Fred's house and recognised with Fred. Dickens describes everything as "wonderful." By writing this, Dickens shows us that if Scrooge can change, then anyone can change. Dickens has Scrooge play a joke on his employee, Cratchit about being late and raising his salary, Scrooge says with an honest kind heart "A Merry Christmas, Bob...I'll raise your salary, and endeavour to assist your struggling family, and we will discuss your affairs this very afternoon, over a Christmas bowl of smoking bishop, Bob!" Now that Scrooge has changed to a kind, loving person and he helps those in need of help. I think it a good way to finish the book with Tiny Tim's Christmas blessing "God bless Us, Every One!" Jennifer Law Page 4 Mr. Hooson ...read more.

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