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Charls dickens: Oliver

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Introduction

How does Dickens show the poverty and mistreatment surrounding Oliver? Oliver Twist is a novel by Charles Dickens. It is about a boy who lived in the unfair society of Victorian England. From the very start, the reader can see that lower class people were treated unfairly and rejected by everyone as part of the community. There were no benefits for poor people or people who couldn't get jobs, so they had to get by however they could, even if that meant breaking the law. Dickens may have wanted to highlight the poverty and mistreatment so he could change people's perspectives and maybe the way people lived. Even at the very start of his life, Oliver is born in poor conditions, his mother dies giving birth to him in a workhouse, with only a drunk nurse and an uncaring parish surgeon to look after him now. For the whole of his life Oliver is bound to be seen as an obstacle in everyone else's life " It is very likely that it will be troublesome", Oliver is referred to as 'it' making him seem more like an object that a person- something that will just get in the way. As one of the poorest people in England, it was possible that Oliver was one of the most mistreated too. ...read more.

Middle

When we first see him, he violently hits his donkey showing how he punishes his workers when they do something bad "Mr Gamfield growled a fierce imprecation on the donkey... and running after him, bestowed a blow on his head, which would inevitably have beaten in any skull but a donkey's". He is a greedy Character (like most of the Characters in the novel) and so he tries to get Oliver as an apprentice because he got money if he did "as he could not raise the full five pounds for his rent" Mr. Gamfield is immediately shown as a villainous character and Oliver recognises this. Oliver had a great fear of him, not only is he a bad person, he is a chimney sweep too. This another example of mistreatment in the Victorian era presented in the novel, chimney sweep apprentices often died or were badly injured because of the jobs they were given, "young boys have been smothered in chimneys before now." But no-one decided to do anything about it. Because Mr. Gamfield was such a horrible person, if Oliver did become his apprentice and didn't want to do work, he would be beaten cold as we previously saw Mr. Gamfield do to his donkey earlier. ...read more.

Conclusion

Oliver did as he was desired. Immediately afterwards he felt himself gently lifted on to one of the sacks; and then he sunk into a deep sleep." Fagin also deceives Oliver a second time when he lies to Oliver about how the boys make the 'wipes' when they're actually stolen. We know this because Dickens uses dramatic Irony. He purposely makes Oliver very na�ve "they're very good ones, very. You haven't marked them well, though, Charley; so the marks shall be picked out with a needle, and we'll teach Oliver how to do it. Shall us, Oliver, eh? Ha! ha! ha!" "If you please, sir," said Oliver" He does this to make Oliver seem more vulnerable. This chapter not only shows the mistreatment of Oliver, it shows the poverty of the Victorian times because Fagin and the gang have to steal to make a living. Dickens presents life for the poor as the worst quality possible that people could live in. He did this because he wanted to give the upper class a taste of what it was like to live as a poor person, and that it's not a chosen lifestyle. And that the way they were treated by higher class was terrible because they are so greedy. He uses Oliver as a perfect example of how the poor are stolen off and don't have any control over their own lives, like slaves. ...read more.

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