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christmas carol-how does dickens use discription of characters and setting to convey his concerns and engage his readers

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A Christmas Carol Jade Ephgrave "A Christmas Carol" was set in 1843. The story was written by Charles Dickens and shows what poverty was really like. It shows the gap between the working and upper class and how wide the gap really was between them. For example, diets were very different between the two classes. Working class would be eating bread, butter and meat, as the upper class were eating fresh fruit and vegetables and also fresh meat. Charles Dickens felt very strongly about the poverty gap as you can tell in his writing. He uses Scrooge to mention the work-houses and prisons. Scrooge is a wealthy man and believes workhouses and prisons should be used and kept in poor conditions. Dickens does this to show have the poor had been exploited by the rich. It shows the rich didn't pay workers a lot of money so there was a lack of social mobility. The poor couldn't get enough money and were forced into poverty, but the rich didn't help. Dickens uses the story as a tool to show how the poor were treated in hope it would help them. However in the 1843 Christmas was the season of good will; the rich would give money for the poor. Yet, Scrooge doesn't change like everyone else for Christmas so he stands out. This helps compare what people were like when it wasn't Christmas to when Christmas came with free will. In stave one, we meet Scrooge. ...read more.


When he met the ghost of Christmas past, he spoke rudely. An example of this is, "who and what are you?' Demanded Scrooge" The imperative 'demanded' suggests Scrooge was really rude and didn't care how he spoke to others. But when the second ghost came he was apprehensive and shy. An example of this is "Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before the sprit." His reaction to the two ghosts is very different showing he's changing. Away that shows Scrooge is changing is how he feels about the poor, initially he believed "if they rather die' Said Scrooge 'they better do it, and decrease the surplus population." Although in stave three he says, after hearing about Tiny Tim, "oh no, kind sprit, say he will be spared" Then after saying this he hung he head when reminded of what he'd said previously. Scrooge is shown to be changing as he is compared to himself throughout the book. This is a good way of engaging the reader as it reminds you of what was said in at the beginning of the story, it also show Dickens concerns as it shows the rich were oblivious to the poor which could be and is properly why they didn't try and help them. There is a difference between the two ghosts. The first ghost was described as "Like a child yet not so like a child as like an old man." This ghost is the ghost of Christmas past. ...read more.


Dickens also uses humour to engage the reader as he tricks Bob into thinking he's in trouble, Scrooge says. ' I am not going to stand for this sort of thing any longer. And therefore,' he continued, leaping from his stool, and giving Bob such a dig in the waistcoat that he staggered back into the tank again - ' and therefore I am about to raise your salary!" This add humour to the story engaging the reader and making sure the ending isn't going to be disappointing to them. Also shows how he thinks poverty should be stopped as we see Scrooge giving Bob a raise in his salary to help his family. Dickens uses 'A Christmas Carol' to show the poverty of the 1843 and how it could be changed if people change. It shows this with Tiny Tim, because if Scrooge didn't help him he would have died. He also uses 'A Christmas Carol' to show morals and what your actions can do to you. The moral I have found by reading this story is 'you reap what you sow'. This means you should treat people how you would like to be treated. Dickens shows this through the character Scrooge as, at the beginning of story, he treated people rudely saying things like "if they would rather die, then they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population." Scrooge changes after seeing how he would be treated when he dies; he didn't like it. Dickens uses this moral to engage the reader and show them what would happen if you acted like Scrooge did before he changed. ...read more.

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