• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Christmas Carol - The Moral Message

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the preface to 'A Christmas Carol', Dickens states that he had "endeavoured in this Ghostly little book, to raise the Ghost of an idea". To what extent do you think he is successful in creating an enjoyable Christmas story with a serious moral message about the treatment of others? 'A Christmas Carol' is the story of a single man's spiritual journey in the festive season. Dickens tries to "raise the Ghost of an idea" by basing the novel on his own experiences as a working class individual in the Victorian era. Dickens raises moral issues still relevant today, such as the immense variation in quality of life between classes. The topics raised will linger in the readers' minds, in order for them to understand the social and spiritual consequences of their actions. Dickens' aim was to raise awareness of a social and economic plight. He chooses to convey this fundamental message through the simple story of Ebenezer Scrooge, a "squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner". This book uses Scrooge as a metaphor to show the wealthy Victorian public the plight of those living in extreme poverty, and that it is never too late to adjust your ways. ...read more.

Middle

However improperly the Cratchits were dressed, they still delighted in each other: "they were happy, grateful and pleased with one another". The whole family contrasts strongly with the representation of Scrooge, as ironically, while Scrooge has money, he is dismal, and though the Cratchits are poor, they are merry. This could signify that although the Cratchits are not wealthy, they are rich in spirit, and full of love for life and one another. Scrooge, on the other hand, is alone with no-one to love or have love him back. The audience would therefore want to follow the Cratchits example, and rather be merry and poor than rich and miserable. The prediction of Tiny Tim's death at this point in the novel makes the audience feel even more sympathetic for the Cratchits and wary of what is to come. The prophecy also brings another side Scrooge, "'Spirit,' said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before, 'tell me if Tiny Tim will live.'" This shows Scrooge to be more loving and caring, as he has never felt interest in another person until this point. This also places Scrooge in a divine position, as he now has power over life and death. ...read more.

Conclusion

We see clearly how Scrooge's life could have been, was it not for his gluttony for material wealth. Instead, as a result of this, Scrooge's death, as shown to him by the Spirit of Christmas Yet to Come, is unmourned. Ironically, in death, people see Scrooge the way he saw them in life, as a source of money. "He frightened every one away from him when he was alive, to profit us when he was dead!" Knowing this transforms Scrooge's personality completely, changing his outlook on money and life forever. The immense variation in Scrooge's attitude leaves the audience encouraged, with a improved will, hoping they too can benefit from the changes made in their lives. The transformation is also shown by pathetic fallacy, as the weather no longer reflects Scrooge's sullen, cold, nature but is instead sparkling and bright. 'A Christmas Carol' conveys simple but effective moral messages, such as the fact that happiness is not found in wealth, and to treat others as you yourself would like to be treated. By showing the infinite change in a single character, Dickens manages to achieve all aims set in the preface, and to raise moral issues to make the reader think. He conveys all this into and entertaining and enjoyable novel, to keep the reader captivated. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. How does Dickens use atmosphere and suspense to convey his moral message in 'A ...

    and therefore the atmosphere, by allowing the ghost and Scrooge to visit Scrooge's childhood years. Furthermore, whilst Scrooge is exploring his early years, in the theme of caring/giving, there are many instances where there are unambiguous distinctions in his character, and these change side-by-side with the atmosphere/weather.

  2. Dickens’ A Christmas Carol and Priestley’s An Inspector Calls have strong messages for the ...

    agree, a clear example of this is when Marley's Ghost talks about "Mankind being his business," Dickens repeats the word "Business," to make it stand out and draw attention to it as this is all Scrooge and Marley thought about.

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    Through the whole course of events with the Phantom he does not realise that the death everyone was talking about was him. I think that this was more wilful ignorance shown by Dickens. I think Scrooge did have a feeling in the bottom of his stomach that he did not want to believe.

  2. What do you see as Dickens' social aims in 'A Christmas Carol' and how ...

    Christmas is usually perceived as a time of short days and long dark nights, but with bright lights and decorations lightening the mood. Although he is financially secure, Scrooge doesn't have any lights on in his house - this represents the dark attitude at the time, which Dickens aims to illuminate through education.

  1. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    The misery with them all was clearly, that they sought to interfere, for good, in human matters, and had lost the power for ever. Whether these creatures faded into mist, or mist enshrouded them, he could not tell. But they and their spirit voices faded together; and the night became as it had been when he walked home.

  2. In what way is 'A Christmas Carol' an allegory? Explain how Dickens uses symbolism ...

    He cannot extinguish it as once joy and happiness have been felt they can't go away as his conscience is a living thing. The third stave describes Scrooge as a different character. When the clock strikes one and the second ghost doesn't appear, Scrooge goes and looks for the ghost in the next room.

  1. How relevant do you find the theme of Human Generosity in Dickens' A Christmas ...

    They seem quite convinced that Scrooge will make a donation, suggesting that they have already encountered a great deal of generosity from many others. When Scrooge refuses to donate, they have trouble believing that somebody of his wealth does not wish to share it with those in need.

  2. How does Dickens use the character of Scrooge to teach his readers, old and ...

    At the chime of one, the Ghost of Christmas past appears, and says 'Rise and walk with me'. Scrooge takes the hand of the spirit, Dickens comments about the spirit - 'its gentle touch... appeared still present to the old man's sense of feeling.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work