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Clearly dickens must use a wide range of techniques to gain and sustain his reader's interest.A very good technique that dickens used in Great Expectations is Dicken's larger than life characters

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Introduction

Dickens was known as one of the best authors and many of his books have stood the test of time. Great Expectations was first published in 1861 and to this present day remains to thrill and engage modern day readers. Clearly dickens must use a wide range of techniques to gain and sustain his reader's interest. A very good technique that dickens used in Great Expectations is Dicken's larger than life characters that have been exaggerated to make the story come alive and more believable. A good example is Miss Havisham, as she is regularly described by Pip as "some ghastly waxwork from the fair" and having" dark eyes". She is also described as a "skeleton", and someone who had "shrunk to skin and bone" and having clothes that were faded and lost their brightness. This makes the reader perceive her as a very evil and dead person. ...read more.

Middle

However, he describes the way that Mrs Joe presents herself, as having a "coarse apron", an "impregnable bib" that was stuck full of pins and needles and having a "trenchant way of cutting". These two characters are very different as the nasty. Nightmarish, way that Mrs Joe dresses, with her dangerous needles and her "impregnable" apron, is contradictory to Joe's easy manner and his kind gentle touch. It is strange that these two could forge a relationship, as there is a role-reversal issue because Mrs Joe is a brute, with her "trenchant way of cutting" and a rather manly attitude. Whereas Joe shows a kind and affectionate attitude towards Pip. It would also seem that Mrs Joe has an angry personality towards Pip and Joe as she bought them up "by hand". I believe that this technique is very good because it creates variety, contrast and very exciting situations to keep the interest of the reader. ...read more.

Conclusion

This moment is a real moral blow to Pip and is very crushing to find out Miss Havisham was not his real benefactor. This is an ironic twist because the very person that helped Pip become a "gentleman" was in fact a convict. Another ironic moment is that Estella, although she is rich and upper class, was adopted from a lower class background, so just like Pip, she is now rich, but her heritage lies lower down. Pip was visiting "Jagger's" house and he noticed that the way the housekeeper presented herself and the way she knitted with her fingers together convinced him that " this woman was Estella's mother". This is ironic because Estella, although she acts very proud of being upper class and is exceedingly harsh to Pip, has a heritage that lies in the lower class, as Miss Havisham adopted her from the housekeeper. Its these exciting twists in the story line, that are unpredictable, that make Great Expectations such a gripping novel, that along with all the other techniques, fully gains and sustains the reader's interest. ...read more.

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