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Compare and contrast ‘The Red Room’ by H.G. Wells with ‘The Darkness Out There’ by Penelope Lively

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Introduction

Wide Reading Unit In this essay, I shall compare and contrast 'The Red Room' by H.G. Wells with 'The Darkness Out There' by Penelope Lively. 'The Red Room', written in 1896 is set during the same decade. The story basically deals with the reality being that there are no real ghosts, that ghosts are just a psychological influence in your mind that are there to resemble fear. 'The Darkness Out There' is written and set in the 1970's, dealing with the problem that all are capable of evil and that stereotypes can, and usually are incorrect. 'The Red Room' is about a 28-year-old man who goes to stay in an isolated castle. Upon being told that the master bedroom is haunted, he wants to stay in that master bedroom, the red room... Then his imagination begins to set in. 'The Darkness Out There' is about Sandra, a member of 'The Good Neighbours Club' a group that helps elderly people with jobs around their houses. Sandra, along with fellow club member Kerry Stevens, are going to help Mrs Rutter, an elderly lady living in Packers End, an area feared by many, which is allegedly haunted by the members of an old German aircraft that crashed in World War II. ...read more.

Middle

We know they are disabled by the way that the 28-year-old man describes them. He talks about 'the man with the withered arm' and he says 'I heard the sound of a stick...as a second man entered more bent, more wrinkled, more aged' which shows that they are old, has a hunched back and can't walk properly. The elderly Mrs Rutter in 'The Darkness Out There' is isolated in her house by Packers End as it is cut off from most of society. In 'The Darkness Out There' age was represented on a poster for the good neighbours club as 'a jokey cartoon' with some small old people with spectacles which is a stereotype. The settings are similar, as they are both set in isolated areas that are associated with strange goings on, such as ghosts. Having them in isolated areas creates a tense atmosphere, as you are unable to obtain any kind of help as you are separated from the rest of the world. On the other hand the stories vary due to the castle/mansion in 'The Red Room' being dark and mysterious but Mrs Rutter's cottage is just an average cottage. On the subject of language, due to the large time difference and the author's different styles of writing, the two stories are written in completely separate ways. ...read more.

Conclusion

They both comprise of darkness. In 'The Red Room' the darkness is literal, as the 28-year-old man is unable to see due to his fear. In 'The Darkness Out There' the darkness is metaphorical as Mrs Rutter can't see what she has done wrong by abandoning the German airmen. Both of the areas featured in the stories are isolated, fear is greater as there is low chance of it as the areas are almost inaccessible. Another striking similarity is how the truth is revealed during the daytime in the stories - in 'The Red Room' when he recovers from knocking himself out, in 'The Darkness Out There' when they are just sitting around in Mrs Rutter's cottage. The other difference that I am able to see is that both the areas in the stories have stories about people dying their. Like similarities, there are many striking differences as well. 'The Red Room' is set entirely during day time whilst 'The Darkness Out There is set during night time - he only recovers in daytime where the story ends soon after. There is almost a century time difference between the two as 'The Red Room' is set around the 1890s and 'The Darkness Out There' is set in the 1980s ...read more.

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