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Compare and contrast ‘To His Coy Mistress’ by Andrew Marvell with ‘The Sun Rising’ by John Donne

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Introduction

Compare and contrast 'To His Coy Mistress' by Andrew Marvell with 'The Sun Rising' by John Donne Both poems that I am studying were both written in the era of metaphysical poetry (1590 - 1670). The idea of this style was that of exploring ideas through intricate and startling images. The themes of metaphysical poems are usually that of religion, love or wordplay. Metaphysical poems tend to have underlying themes, often written with the use of conceits and metaphorical contexts. Both 'The Sun Rising' and 'To His Coy Mistress' are love poems. They show their feelings for a loved one in different ways, blending their own style, complex images and exceptional language into their writing. 'To His Coy Mistress' can be seen as a slightly more belligerent poem when compared with the more relaxing 'The Rising Sun. Andrew Marvell wrote the poem to persuade his young love, or 'coy mistress' that they needed to expand and take their relationship to a new level. This can be seen through the structure in which he writes the poem. He has three stanzas, using 'If' 'But' and 'Therefore' in each. ...read more.

Middle

In the last stanza the man begins to accept the sun, there is a mutual agreement between the two. 'Since thy duties be to warm the world...shine here to us and thou art everywhere'. He sees the sun as just doing his job and that it could not help but intrude on the lovers, as its radiant light shines everywhere. 'My vegetable love should grow', uses a conceit to show time in a metaphorical sense. These words create an image of slow growing, tendered love that is always alive. His forever love can be portrayed through the hyperbole, 'vaster than empires and more slow'. Empires are seen to be strong, so he uses his love and compares its greatness to an empire. 'The Rising Sun', uses measures that are far more natural in order to portray the continuation if time. 'Love all alike, no season knows nor clime, nor hours, days, months which are the rags of time'. Donne uses this to suggest when you are in love; time flows by quickly, often with no meaning. This would suggest two different types of love within these poems. ...read more.

Conclusion

'Then worms shall try that long preserved virginity'. This is saying the worms have more chance of touching her body before he does. 'The graves a fine and private place, but none do there embrace'. This shows their relationship is fading; they must embrace before it is too late. This is a contrast to the ideas from 'The Rising Sun'. They lover sees the bed 'as thy centre'. This shows that his lover is the centre of his universe. The final section of Marvell's poem uses much harsher and aggressive language than the rest of his poem. Words such as 'devour', 'tear', and 'rough strife' add to the aggressiveness of 'like amorous birds of prey'. These images are all callous and hostile and add another twist to his poem. From reading these two poems and then contrasting them, I have come to a conclusion. I see 'The Rising Sun' by John Donne as two lovers who experience true love, as they cannot bear to be apart from one another. However, the lovers in 'To His Coy Mistress' seem to just be experiencing lust for on another. Their time together does not seem to be enjoyed, waited out in order to get something worthwhile in the end. ...read more.

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