• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and Contrast how Thomas Hardy and Charlotte Perkins Gilman present the situation, behaviour and attitude of the women in the stories 'The Withered Arm' and 'Turned'. Explain what motivates these characters to behave as they do.

Extracts from this document...


Lucy Hampton 5th Form Thomas Cookes Compare and Contrast how Thomas Hardy and Charlotte Perkins Gilman present the situation, behaviour and attitude of the women in the stories 'The Withered Arm' and 'Turned'. Explain what motivates these characters to behave as they do. Hardy and Gilman both share a similarity of characters and theme in their short stories. Both focus particularly on the female characters and the ways in which the other characters react and behave towards them throughout the stories. Both stories have two strong main female characters and two weaker more na�ve but also lead female characters. The way these characters interact with each other is very similar in both stories, how Marion and Rhoda seem to almost mother Gerta and Mrs. Lodge as they appear to have a kind of power over the two younger women. Although it can be argued that in the case of Mrs. Lodge, she has Rhoda's ex lover as her husband and this could be looked upon that she has an advantage over Rhoda. She feels as though Gertrude is 'closing doors' between herself and Farmer Lodge that finally there is no chance of rekindling the old flames she once had with him or for Farmer Lodge to make 'any reparation' for what he did to her. Both the elder women also have greater knowledge of men and how the world works, even if Mrs. Lodge is what is called a 'lady complete' she is still unaware of how society works and is treated. ...read more.


It should also be brought to attention that in both of these stories it was the woman outside of the relationship who produced the baby when the woman inside of the relationship was the one trying to conceive. Gertrude Lodge "had brought him no child" when Rhoda Brook had already given birth to his son. Mrs. Marroner said, "How they do come where they are not wanted - and they don't come where they are wanted." Implying that Gerta had given birth to a baby, who really was not wanted, and how she and Mr. Marroner were desperately trying to conceive but were unable to due to the fact of her being infertile. In both of these stories we have tales of deceit and lies between the three members of the individual triangular relationships. In Turned the biggest lie comes from Mr. Marroner deceiving his wife by cheating on her and getting the young and impressionable Swedish home help Gerta pregnant. "He appreciated the full innocence, the ignorance, the grateful affection, the habitual docility, of which he took advantage." When he made the suicidal mistake of mixing the letters by sending Gerta's letter to his wife, and his wife's letter to Gerta. In his letter he had made more empty promises by lying to Gerta that he will look after and take care of her, but he was subtly trying to get Gerta to leave Mrs. ...read more.


It shows the bravery these women had to leave their rich home and move somewhere completely new where their fortune and well-being was hanging very much in the balance. Later Mr. Marroner went in search of his wife and when he found out where she lived, a woman appeared at the door with a younger attractive woman holding a baby, and the woman who used to be his wife said to him "What have you to say to us?" In the Withered Arm the story ended with Rhoda Brook returning to her old job that she had at the start of the story which was the milking of cows, Gertrude became too old and frail and died and Farmer Lodge became a kind, caring and thoughtful man! Gertrude died three days later in the town "Her blood had been turned indeed, too far." After this Rhoda had lost her friend and her son so she decided to resume where she had started where "Her monotonous milking at the dairy was resumed." Farmer Lodge on the third corner of this triangular relationship gave up his farms and became a member of the parish after he overcame his remorse and moodiness. "...He eventually changed for the better, and appeared as a chastened and thoughtful man" In conclusion, this essay contains triangular relationships and is evidence that they occur and always will happen for years to come and it doesn't make any difference about what century it happens in or if it is from a rich or poor background because affairs, unwanted babies and triangular relationships will still be present. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Thomas Hardy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Thomas Hardy essays

  1. Presentation of Marriage in"Tony Kytes the Arch-Deceiver" and "The Half Brothers".

    William Preston William Preston although very wealthy was long past what society thought to be of marriageable age. He was a bachelor and thought to be well over forty although we are not given his age. Preston wants to become married, but because of his age the only hope he

  2. The Son's Veto: Thomas Hardy - The mother in this story sacrifices everything for ...

    would have had something that she never had in her previous marriage. Love. Love is a key part of any marriage and social status, money etc. are un-important. The only positive thing that Sophy achieved from her marriage to Mr.

  1. Wessex Tales How the characters are effected

    or have letters missing like: 'Tis as a meaning for it is' also 'He ha'nt used instead of he hadn't' and 'What d'ye want here for what do you want here.' The language isn't necessarily dialect it is more to show an accent like Scottish and very informal.

  2. Prose Study " The Withered Arm And Other Wessex Tales" By Thomas Hardy

    The theme in "The Withered Arm" is the way that Farmer Lodge treats his wife, his ex-lover and his son. In both "The Withered Arm" and "The Son's Veto" there is a marriage. In " The Withered Arm" the marriage is between Gertrude and Farmer Lodge, there is a large age gap between them.

  1. Show how Hardy responds to the death of his wife, the thoughts and feelings ...

    the start of the poem, as this will be a continual theme throughout. The words 'call to me, call to me' are repeated at the end of the first line and this give the impression that although she is calling to him, like an echo to show how her voice

  2. Compare and Contrast a selection of Thomas Hardy's Poetry

    The gloomy mood of the women as they trudge along is contrasted with the enthusiasm and eagerness of their men 'stepping steadily only too readily', almost as if the men do not realize that the swifter their pace, the sooner will come the parting from their wives.

  1. An Essay on The Withered Arm, by Thomas Hardy

    The radiance lit her pale cheeks and made her dark eyes...' The fact that he uses the word 'dark', prepossess our thought of Rhoda being a witch. The reason why Rhoda is a little jealous of Gertrude is because Gertrude is the wife of her lover and Gertrude is everything that Rhoda is not.

  2. How does Hardy encourage us to sympathize with Gertrude and Rhoda? Do you sympathize ...

    as the exact original of the limb she had beheld and seized in her dream." This makes you feel unsympathetic towards Rhoda, because she is responsible for Gertrude's suffering which Gertrude did not deserve. But you have to take into consideration that it was done subconsciously.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work