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Compare and Contrast the episodes of the creation of the

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Compare and Contrast the episodes of the creation of the "monster" and the creation of the second "monster" in Mary Shelley's 'Frankenstein' Mary Shelley finished her first edition of 'Frankenstein' in 1816, when she was nineteen years old. Since then her "monster" has become so popular in the twenty-first century that he appears in films, advertisements, comics and even computer games. So how is it that as such a young age she was able to write such a gripping novel, which has become more famous than any other work of 'Romantic' literature, and indeed, her own? It could have been a result of an intellectually stimulating childhood due to having free access to her fathers extensive library and literary connections; or it could have been a result of her being emotionally undernourished as a child. Whichever way, she has succeeded in writing a novel that 'speaks to the mysterious fears of our nature and awaken thrilling horror' (p.8 - author's introduction), as she wanted; and she has included many personal ideas about politics and familial relations as well as moral, philosophical and scientific ideas on the creation and 'elixir of life' (p.42). In this essay I will be looking at the differences between the creation of the first and second monster, how Mary Shelley portrays the feelings of Victor and the monster and the different myths and legends that she refers to within the novel. Victor Frankenstein had a wonderful life as a child: 'No human being could have passed a happier childhood than myself' (p.39) He was loving and cared deeply for his family, especially for his foster-sister, Elizabeth, who he looked upon as his own, and saw as a 'more than sister' (p.37). Victor always had an 'eager desire to learn' (p.39) about 'the secrets of heaven and earth' (p.39). When he was thirteen years old he started studying the works of Cornelius Agrippa and the fact that his father called it all 'sad trash' (p.40) ...read more.


From continuously asking himself these questions, he concludes that it would be a mistake to finish the second creation and, in front of the "monster", he destroys it. The howling and anguished "monster" threatens Victor, and leaves with the haunting words 'I shall be with you on your wedding-night' (p.173), but Victor still refused to finish the creation. After a lot of contemplating about what the monster said, he received a letter from Clerval inviting him to London. In his mind, he accepted the invitation but he knew he had to do one task before he left. Therefore, he packed away all his tools and took the body of the unfinished creation on a boat, with sails made from his clothes, out to sea and dropped the body into the ocean. He fell asleep and the strong winds blew him to Ireland where he was arrested and taken to court for the murder of his best friend Clerval. He later found out that it was the "monster" that killed him. After months in prison, he was found innocent and he travelled to Paris where he received a letter from Elizabeth in which she declared her love for him. He replied with the same declaration but also asked her to marry him. Elizabeth and Victor were married when he returned to Geneva; however, Elizabeth was killed by the "monster" on their wedding night in Evian. The fact that Victor interpreted the threat of the "monster" wrong reveals Victors deepening self-absorption. On his return to Geneva to inform everyone of the bad news, his father dies leaving him with no one. He decides to tell the magistrate what had happened and they said that they would punish the "monster" accordingly if he were found. However, this was not enough for Victor; he vowed to find the "monster" and kill it or die in his quest to do so: 'Scoffing devil! Again do I vow vengeance; again do I devote thee, miserable fiend, to torture and death. ...read more.


He rebels by creating an unnatural man. The monster also becomes aware of his own 'fallen' state when he sees his own reflections. The last myth that she refers to is 'Paradise Lost'. This is an epic poem written by John Milton in the 1660s. It tells the story of how Satan was banished from heaven by God for leading a rebellion. Satan, unable to accept his fall into hell, decides to revenge himself by seducing Adam and Eve into evil and disobedience. Both Victor and his creation could have been Satan or the "monster" could have been Adam and Victor, God. Modern critics say that Victor could have also been Eve, the Virgin father like Virgin Mary. Mary Shelley has written the creation scenes with more comparisons than differences. The main difference between the two being that Victor thought about his consequences before going ahead with making the second creation, which in the end, he did not. Victor and the "monster" are one in the same person. In the "monster's" eyes, Victor was like a father who had disowned him due to the way he looked and in Victor's eyes; the "monster" was like a son who he could not accept because of his deformity. They both needed each other but did not want to admit it. Instead, they wanted to prove to each other that they could live without one another, ending in the death of William, Justine, Clerval, Alphonse and Frankenstein and the eternal solitude of the "monster". The reader is captivated by the different emotions felt by each character, which is shown in each narrative, making the novel hard to put down. 'Frankenstein' written by Mary Shelley is not just a thrilling tale. It includes many themes that are relevant to society today and will still be in the future. It is not only a moral, Romantic and psychological tale; but also a social, political and philosophical tale; everything that an accomplished author could hope for in a novel. Alisha Meertins English Coursework October 2003 - 1 - ...read more.

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