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Compare and Contrast the presentation of Good and Evil in 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' and 'Lord of the Flies'.

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Introduction

Compare and Contrast the presentation of Good and Evil in 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' and 'Lord of the Flies' . 'Lord of the Flies' is a story of a group of young boys stranded on Coral Island, after enemy forces have shot down their plane. The book was written in 1954, so therefore it is understandable that World War Two will have a major influence in the story. The major idea throughout the book is that of original sin, where the belief is Adam & Eve brought sin into the world and as a result to be sinful is human's natural tendency. This relates to the characters in the book as many of them begin in a civilised manner but with no restrictions become brutal and barbaric. 'Lord of the Flies' is set on a deserted island, giving the perfect setting and opportunity for little boys to follow natural instincts of evil. Golding used this setting to disallow the involvement of any adults in the book until at the end, so as to show the true sides of the boy's nature. ...read more.

Middle

Piggy and Ralph are the voices of logical thinking and reason, they are cast out as they are realists. Jack is always shown to be vulnerable which he overcomes by using his physical strength. These characters also cover a range of personalities such as Ralph portraying the allies in world war 2 (USA, UK, France, soviet union). Jack as Hitler, Roger as Himmler (personal bodyguard) and Piggy as Einstein. The Lord of the Flies symbolises the Devil and pure evil. It promotes evil among the boy and uses the voices of many characters in the lines 'poor misguided child', 'they think you're batty' and 'we shall do you' to push the idea of evil further. Golding used biblical references and symbolism. In 'Lord of the Flies' the lines 'their voices had been the song of angels' and 'demonic figures' all contain biblical references and vocabulary therefore emphasising the links between the setting and characters in the book and their counterparts in the bible. ...read more.

Conclusion

At the end of chapter 5 Ralph calls out for 'a sign or something'. His request is answered by the arrival of a deceased parachutist on to the island. The parachutist is the adult that the boys have been waiting for, but as he is dead he cannot even help them. This symbolises the idea that adults cannot always help. The arrival of the parachutist is also ironic, as it soon believed to be the beast; therefore the arrival of an adult brings increased fear to the island. This links to the idea of the war where while law and order in the adult world decreases, childish chaos grows. In 'Lord of the Flies' the book is completely written in 3rd person. This gives the reader a 'godlike' position as they can overlook all events, which occur yet he also seems to allow the reader to focus in on one character thoughts and then turn out to show the actual incident. This is shown very well when Jack and his followers are hunting down Ralph. Ralph doesn't realise the meaning behind the 'stick sharpened at both ends', while the reader understands its meaning. ...read more.

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