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Compare and contrast the representation of evil in Golding's Lord of the Flies with Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

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Introduction

ASHLEIGH EARL 11H Compare and contrast the representation of evil in Golding's Lord of the Flies with Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Introduction Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a dark mysterious novel. Robert Louis Stevenson sets the strange case during the Victorian period in London. The main theme of the novel is evil. William Golding also uses the theme of evil in the book Lord of the Flies. Golding set his novel on an island during World War Two. I would like to use these two novels to compare and contrast the representation of evil in what ways the authors express the theme of evil. John Lewis Stevenson was born on November 13th 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland at a time when society's differences were very dissimilar. Edinburgh and London alike had social areas where brothels and shadiness flourished. In contrast there were areas of the middle high society where respectability, politeness and the ever presence of the faithful, righteous churchgoers. During his childhood he suffered very ill health and was looked after by a nurse who sparked off his interest in literature by reading books to him, such as Pilgrims Progress and the Old Testament. Later as a student he read horror novels such as Frankenstein written by Mary Shelly and Origins of the Species by Charles Darwin. He was romantic and well travelled, visiting France, Switzerland and California. ...read more.

Middle

Golding describes him as 'unsocial with a gloomy face spiteful in his own ways'. For example (pages 66-67) 'Roger stooped, picked up a stone, aimed and threw it at Henry - threw it to miss'. 'Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them', in this case the small boy, Henry, thought of the stone throwing as fun and games. Towards the end of the novel Roger was the one who was the most evil and wicked. Golding describes in great detail of how grotesque and uncivilised the boys murdered the pig (page 149) 'Roger found lodgement for his point and began to push until he was leaning with his whole weight. Both these characters are represented as evil from onset in this novel. Stevenson uses Mr Hyde to convey the evil in his novel. This is the small man who commits the monstrous acts of brutality and murder throughout the story. Mr Hyde is created when Dr Jekyll drinks a special potion, subsequently turning himself into this other creature. Mr Hyde is hated by everyone he meets, even at first glance. Although they cannot name it, those around him sense something profoundly evil about his character. Mr Hyde is not a separate person but merely a projection of Jekyll. This means that Jekyll becomes evil as he cannot admit that he is Hyde. Hyde is the representation of evil in man, he symbolises that there is evil in any decent man. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hyde's speech gives off a sense of evil as he gives short and quick answers. In chapter two where the lawyer gets to talk face to face with the hideous Hyde, they have an important conversation. Hyde gives the impression that he is not the sociably type as his speech is short and impolite. 'He answered coolly enough: 'That is my name. What do you want?' Jekyll's speech also changed throughout the novel, as under pressure some of the time. So many questions were asked as to whom the mysterious man was who he had placed so much trust in. For example, at one of Jekyll's 'fine dinners' (in the beginning of chapter three) where Utterson attempts to question Jekyll about his friend Mr Hyde. After Utterson mentions Hyde, that he had been learning a few things about him, Jekyll's face 'grew pale to the very lips and there came some blackness about his eyes'. This suggests that you can see Hyde in Jekyll even though he has not been transformed, it show evil about him. 'I do not care to hear more,' said he. 'This is a matter I thought we had agreed to drop.' After the description of how Jekylls face changed after the mention of Hyde, you can imagine his speech to be short-tempered or touchy. Then reassuring the lawyer that Hyde was a private matter and he will be rid of him soon, Utterson promised not to mention the matter any further. Suggest something about stevensons use of words and why he uses them (back of the book) ...read more.

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