• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast the way in which the Directors of 'Mary Shelley's Frankenstein' (1994) and 'Frankenstein' (1931) use diff

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast the way in which the Directors of 'Mary Shelley's Frankenstein' (1994) and 'Frankenstein' (1931) use different film techniques to build up atmosphere in their opening sequences. Mary Shelley wrote her novel 'Frankenstein' when she was just a young girl of nineteen. She wrote it in 1816, when she went on holiday with her friend, Byron. Byron was already a famous poet, and it was him who suggested that whilst they were away, they should both write a ghost story. At the time it was just a way of passing time and having fun for Mary Shelley, but little did she know that her story would become famous worldwide. Many adaptations of 'Frankenstein' have been made for cinema in the 20th century. Two of the most significant being those studied in this assignment. A man named James Whale directed the film 'Frankenstein' which was released in 1931. He was a British born director with a history of working in theatre, and this is probably the reason as to why his film imitates the stage in places. It was filmed at Universal Pictures, which was a very powerful Hollywood studio. The film opened on 4 November 1931 at the Mayfair Theatre in New York's Times Square and it caused an immediate sensation. It was voted one of the films of the year by the New York Times and earned Universal Pictures $12 million. ...read more.

Middle

Branagh still uses the diegetic sound effectively, which helps bring realism to the setting, like in Whale's version. He uses the sounds of wind howling which is very atmospheric. Branagh has chosen to use non-diegetic sound in his film because he can accentuate the tension wherever he wants. For example, when the captain and the sailor are talking, it is obvious that Branagh wanted to accentuate the word 'mutiny', because the use of the word is accompanied by orchestral music using very strong chords to reflect the drama. I think that although the tones of the actors voices can be used to build up tension, it can be done far more effectively with non-diegetic music. That is one of the reasons why I think the drama is built up far more in Branagh's version than in Whale's version. The monster's howl in Branagh's version builds up a sense of mystery, because the howl can be heard and yet nothing can be seen. There is a constant threat that you can't see what is there. The monster's howl is isolated. There is no other sound over it. It would not be possible to isolate the sound of the howl without the effect of stopping the non-diegetic music. It is the non-diegetic sounds in Branagh's film which makes the opening scene so tense and dramatic. The Mise en Scene used in James Whale's 'Frankenstein' suggests to the audience a very strong atmosphere of death and evil. ...read more.

Conclusion

However in Branagh's opening sequence there are over 57 edits in just 2 minutes. Branagh also uses the style of the edit effectively to add movement to the sequence. An example of when he uses the style of the edit very effectively is when the dogs are being murdered. He uses a series of jump cuts at a very quick speed to add dramatic movement. I think that both Directors are trying to create a strong atmosphere and tension. They both want their audience to be full of suspense after the opening sequences. In doing so they set the mood for the rest of the film. Both Whale and Branagh use the same techniques but in very different ways. Branagh uses non-diegetic sound very effectively to create a tense atmosphere. However Whale uses silence to the same effect but in a very different way. Both Directors use the theme of death in their opening sequences. Whale uses the theme of death, setting his opening sequence in a grave yard and by using props which all symbolize death and Branagh represents the theme of death by using very pale make up and by setting it in a deathly cold place. They also use isolation to create tension. They use their different styles and techniques very effectively, by engaging their audiences to create the same emotion. However, I do think that Branagh uses his techniques, the sound and the mise en scene more effectively to create a brilliant film and a very powerful, emotionally charged atmosphere. ?? ?? ?? ?? Emma Harvey - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Mary Shelley essays

  1. Examine the complex story of Mary Shelleys novel Frankenstein.

    so, on his wedding night he sends Elizabeth away to a hideaway to await his return. Victor hears a scream, and rushes to the hideaway, Elizabeth is dead. Victor goes searching for the monster but he falls ill and eventually dies, and the Captain of the ship finds the monster sobbing over Victor.

  2. Compare and Contrast "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley and "Flowers For Algernon" by Daniel Keyes, ...

    and enjoyed life more, however when he became aware of his surroundings he got caught up in his troubles and became alienated. No matter what the situation we as humans are never fully satisfied and always want more, it is simply part of our nature and Keyes manages to display this in a powerful way.

  1. Compare three stories of suspense in three different styles of writing

    Frankenstein explains to us how he created a being from the limbs of other dead people, and how he eschewed the being because of its manifestation and how he dealt with the consequences he had to face. Although "Frankenstein" is a nineteenth century story, Shelley uses numerous contemporary ideas and

  2. In the 21st Century what is the enduring appeal of Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein"

    Walton's tale is very disjointed as there are often gaps of a few months between his letters. Robert Walton is the outside narrator and it is to him that Victor Frankenstein relates his tale. There are also several stories within the novel.

  1. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.

    Victor's feelings towards his creation are both horror and shock. Also, Victor is being selfish because he doesn't have a loving feeling towards the monster because of its abnormality. Victor also repeats the word 'beautiful' this shows that he was striving for an ideal beauty in his creation because he

  2. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.

    These are two cases of oppression sort today. Different parts have been put in for affect. Such as the droning screams. Every time there is a scream it doesn't quite sound human but it doesn't sound like an animal. It is very unexplainable to the characters and gives a thought of wonder to the audience.

  1. Compare the Creation Scene in James Whale's 1931 Frankenstein and Kenneth Brannagh's 1994 Frankenstein

    However, in similarity to the 1931 version, in the very first shot neither director has used music; James Whale uses the sound of rain and thunder to give the scene tension, while Kenneth Brannagh decides to simply use silence to emphasize the candle, which is then broken by music in the next shot.

  2. Who is the Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

    This parallels Victor's actions in that he took on the role of God by attempting to create life itself. The "wretch" is instantly rejected by Frankenstein who then seeks revenge by becoming a savage murderer. The creature accidentally kills Frankenstein's brother, William, and frames Justine, a fellow adoptee of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work