• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast 'To Autumn' and 'Spring', showing how Keats and Hopkins reveal the qualities of the seasons

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast 'To Autumn' and 'Spring', showing how Keats and Hopkins reveal the qualities of the seasons. In the two poems 'To Autumn' by Keats and 'Spring' by Hopkins, the qualities of the two seasons are revealed in many different ways. Keats wrote 'To Autumn' on September 19, 1819, half a year before he died. Keats suffered from consumption, and therefore would have known that he was about to die, so it is possible that an element of his poem showing autumn coming to an end, could also be referring to his life coming to an end. Keats was a well known Romantic poet (often inspiring pre-Raphaelite painters) and so his writing contained many appeals to the senses. Hopkins had a love of individuality in his writing, and wrote very lavishly, showing nature as it should be when un-interfered with by man. He wrote his poem, 'Spring', in May 1877, before becoming a Jesuit priest in the summer of the same year. Because Hopkins did not publish his poems, he was able to have his own ideas and didn't have to worry about pleasing people with his poems. The structures of the poems are very similar in some ways. For example, both have very clear stanzas - 'Spring' is made up of two stanzas and 'To Autumn' consists of three equal stanzas. ...read more.

Middle

Also, by saying that the sun is maturing, Keats introduces the idea that autumn is the season in which living things grow older, unlike spring, when everything is fresh and new. Keats continues to personify the sun, also identifying it as a male ('conspiring with him'). The idea of the two conspiring, continues through this stanza. The use of the word 'conspiring' rather than plotting or planning, makes what the sun and autumn are doing sound suspicious - as if they are doing something, but no one knows quite what or how they are doing it, as if it is a secret. Keats first begins twisting the word order in the fourth line, very early on in the poem, where he says 'the vines that round the thatch-eaves run;'. It is a very effective use of twisted word order, because it links to the idea of the vines being twisted themselves. Towards the end of this stanza, Keats is building up the lines, pausing at the end of each. The last few lines talk about what the sun and autumn are doing together - plumping the nut shells, causing flowers to bloom and confusing the bees by making the winter warmer. The second stanza is addressing autumn and opens with the question 'Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store?'. ...read more.

Conclusion

The opening line of Hopkins' poem is a statement, 'Nothing is so beautiful as Spring -' and the dash after the sentence leads to a description of why nothing is 'so beautiful as Spring'. Again, similar to Keats, Hopkins begins to use alliteration to create a certain mood from the second line of the poem, where he writes 'weeds, in wheels, shoot long and lovely and lush'. Both poets use soft letters and long vowel sounds - as well as creating the mood in the poems, these long vowels also cause the reader to slow the words down in order to pronounce them correctly. Hopkins also changes the word order around in his poem, similar to how Keats does in his ode to autumn. Hopkins did not publish his poems and therefore did not have to worry about pleasing anyone. This inspired Hopkins to develop his own poetic methods and famously change the rhythm of sonnets. He created inscape (the individual or essential quality of a thing) and instress (the energy or stress that holds the inscape together). The second stanza of this poem is devoted to asking more philosophical and thoughtful questions about the origins of spring, much like Keats' last verse. He opens the sestet with a question (also like Keats) -'What is all this juice and all this joy?' - which is basically asking where spring comes from. This stanza is much more religious than the first. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparisons section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparisons essays

  1. Compare and Contrast the depiction of the countryside and the language techniques used by ...

    The use of personification here, coupled with alliteration seems to emphasise the idea of life continuously being extinguished. Like many today who are asking, "What have we done to our world?" Hopkins is grieving over the wholesale destruction of the natural habitat, which he believes is being caused by people's inability to see the effects of their actions.

  2. Compare and contrast how two or more poets approach the theme of love.

    Although both poems are about love, "Shall I compare thee..?" is a love poem written for someone. It displays Shakespeare's true love for someone and emphasizes this by mentioning that as long as the poem is passed on, the person he loves, will always be remembered; "So long as men

  1. Choose three sonnets, which have made a strong impression on you and explain they ...

    and this says that beauty alone cannot stop time but in the final couplet it is explains how beauty can still hold its plea. Comparisons "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" Written by William Shakespeare and "How do I love thee?

  2. Compare and contrast the poems La Belle Dame sans Merci(TM) by John Keats and ...

    We now, as in 'La Belle Dame sans Merci', have a time shift and find Aengus, many years on, still stricken with love for this 'glimmering girl' of the darkness. He describes the lands as 'hollow', as if there is nothing to be found in them for him.

  1. Compare and contrast the way that murder, those who commit and the effect it ...

    that it used to be his partner shows two attitudes towards her death: firstly, his lack of care as he treats her as an object but secondly, his demand for control as although she is dead, he still feels compelled to have control over her and own her - 'since

  2. Compare and contrast the ways in which Wordsworths The Daffodils and Brownings Home-Thoughts, from ...

    Everything in spring seems so beautiful and cheerful, the atmosphere is lively, the daffodils do not seem to be dancing on their own, 'the waves beside them danced, but they out-did the sparkling waves in glee'. Nothing is better than the dancing daffodils; the joyfulness of the waves look insignificant compared to the freshness of the daffodils.

  1. Characterisation - My Last Duchess

    The Duke says, "I call/That piece a wonder, now;" and the clear double entendre is in his choice of the word "piece". It is clearly understood to refer to the painting, much the way one would refer to a "piece of art", however, in the mid 19th century as well

  2. How Far do Owen(TM)s Poems Break with the Jingoistic Literary Tradition Established by Various ...

    In 'WFTG', war is described in a very positive way and is referred to as a "show." This effectively appeals to the audience. "Who would much rather come back with a crutch, Than lie low and be out of the fun?"

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work