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Compare and contrast Williams Wordsworths 'Daffodils with Gillian Clarke' Mroiracle on St David's Day

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Introduction

During this essay I am going to discuss the similarities between William Wordsworth's 'Daffodils' and Gillian Clark's 'Miracle On St. David's Day'. I will also write what is contrasting in both poems. Whilst comparing and contrasting the two I will show how both poets use tone, imagery and themes. The plot of Daffodils is extremely simple, Wordsworth portrays himself as alone and isolated yet in a peaceful and tranquil environment, 'I wandered lonely as a cloud that floats on high o'er vales and hills'. He then finds company with the daffodils, 'A Poet could not be but gay In such a jocund company!' When Wordsworth is alone in the last stanza he remembers the daffodils and reminisces in the happiness that they brought to him, memory in this poem is a clear theme. Throughout the poem it is evident the most apparent feature of the poem is nature. The narrator talks about 'vales and hills'. Although in Wordsworth's first line he states that he is alone, 'I wander'd lonely as a cloud' he uses personification whilst describing the daffodils so that they posses human qualities, 'Tossing their heads in a sprightly dance.' This denotes that he feels not alone anymore when he is with the daffodils. To emphasize this he writes in his third stanza, 'In such a jocund company!' ...read more.

Middle

Clark uses the full stop at the end of this line to show the matter of fact tone which differs from the conversational tone of the first stanza. This all depicts the way Clark uses contrast in 'Miracle on St. David's Day'. It shows the dissimilarity of the mood from the first stanza as we move into the second stanza. Through the second, third and fourth stanzas in 'Miracle On St. David's Day', Clark builds suspense and tension by describing the patients in the asylum, 'A beautiful chestnut-haired boy listens entirely absorbed. A schizophrenic on a good day, they tell me later.' Clarke uses a lot of the poem to describe the patients. The patients are portrayed in a clam matter, not in an erratic way as you may assume from asylum patients, 'In a cage of first March sun a woman sits not listening, not feeling. In her neat clothes the woman is absent.' As it is such a large part of the poem this adds to the building of tension and how Clarke describes the man magnifies that feeling of suspense, like a time bomb about to explode, 'His labourers hands on his knees he rocks gently to the rhythms of the poems.' In this line it is the words 'rocks' and 'rhythms' that create that feel of a heart beat or the ticking of a bomb which adds to the tension. ...read more.

Conclusion

In comparison Wordsworth continues the same happy mood throughout he does this my using repetition of the words 'dance', 'dancing' and 'danced'. At this point the two poems differ, 'Daffodils' is written in the past tense whilst Clarke has her poem in the present. There is also a difference in the way the stanzas are connected. 'Miracle' uses enjambment, in 'daffodils' the stanzas are separate, with the use of full stops at the end of each verse. In the second and third stanzas Clarke uses enjambment to portray the split personality of the schizophrenic boy by splitting the sentence between two stanzas. As mentioned 'daffodils' does not use enjambment in the poem, but at the end of the first stanza, 'beside the lake beneath the trees, fluttering and dancing in the breeze.' Personification illustrates a happy, joyous and coexisting atmosphere. Both poets use personification of the daffodils at some point during the poems. In 'Miracle' Clarke uses personification in the first line, 'An afternoon yellow and open -mouthed with daffodils.' With 'Daffodils' they are described as 'Tossing their heads in sprightly dance' in the second stanza, not only in this line does Wordsworth use personification but he also uses metaphor when describing the daffodils this is also a poetic term used by Clarke, 'the daffodils are flame.' He has never spoken ...read more.

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