• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and control the environment portrayed in the poems London and Sonnet

Extracts from this document...


Compare and control the environment portrayed in the poems 'London' and 'Sonnet' 'Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains'. Rousseau. This quote can relate to both of the poems 'London' by William Blake and 'Sonnet' by John Clare. The poet William Blake greatly admired the French philosopher, Rousseau, and he has made it particularly evident in his poem 'London'. However the ideas portrayed in John Clare's 'Sonnet' contradict Rousseau's statement. Both of these poems describe environments and landscapes, creating contrasting images through the poets' use of descriptive language which is both vivid and imaginative. In the poem 'London', Blake describes a journey around the city of London and offers the readers a view of the terrible conditions that the inhabitants of the city have to face. Some of the topics explored in the poem are: restrictive laws of property, child labour and prostitution. The poem begins by criticizing the laws which relate to ownership. By saying the 'charter'd Thames' Blake is referring to the fact that every aspect of life is owned in London, even the river which is often a symbol of freedom, and an emblem of the power of nature in other poems. Blake also criticizes religion and all of its failures. In his life he rejected religion for various reasons and one of the main ones was the failure of the Church for not helping the children in London, who were forced to work. ...read more.


'The clear deep lake to stand upon its shore I love the hay grass when the flower swings That sport about the meadow that bright day'. Both poems use different tones to engage the reader and highlight the themes and ideas suggested in them. London explores the harshness and difficulties of the city and the failures of religion and law. Sonnet talks of the country and the beauty of summer and life. The poems are both structured in different ways, to suit the themes evoked in the poems. The use of language also differs between the two poems. 'London' is in a collection of Blake's poems called the Songs of Experience, which are intended to provide contrast and illustrate the effects of modern life on people and nature. As the title of the collection suggests 'London' is presented in a very regular way, like a song. There is a strict abab rhyme scheme throughout the poem. There are four, four lined stanzas. These stanzas are like snapshots seen by Blake during his 'wander thro' the streets, and offer a glimpse of different aspects of the city. "How the Chimney-sweeper's cry, Every blackening Church appalls, And the hapless Soldier's sigh, Runs in blood down Palace walls." 'Sonnet' is written in verse form which was developed in Italy in the 14th century, but still used today. ...read more.


This could mean two things. It could refer to the actual physical marks that people carried as a result of the conditions they had to endure or of Blake 'marking' evidence during his walk through the city streets. "Marks of weakness, marks of woe." In stanza two, in the first three lines, the word "every" is repeated and this seems that the poet is trying to make it clear that "every" one is affected by the problems faced. Also it's like everyone's minds are restricted and confined through the 'mind-forg'd manacles'- That the city has taken away their will to think. "In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forged manacles I hear:" The poem is very pessimistic and filled with many negative words like 'cry' 'fear' and 'blood' Sounds are important in the poem and represent the great noises of the city as the poet "wanders thro" it. There are cries, the sound of "mind-forg'd manacle" and curses. These sounds are all the result of anguish and pain. The poem then closes with a surprising contrast in language- "marriage hearse". Marriage is a celebration of the beginning of new life and love. However, it is written with the word hearse and so it reveals that the poet believes that the only outcome of the future is death and decay. Both poems use very different styles of language. Sonnet is an optimistic poem and with a lot of hope and happiness. London is very pessimistic, devoid of hope for the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparisons section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparisons essays

  1. How do Donne's sonnets differ from Shakespeare's sonnets? In your answer, you should discuss ...

    Shakespeare uses abstract diction for his comparison, which are "a summer's day" and his lover. The lover is abstract because the reader is unsure of who this person is.

  2. A comparison of The Chimney Sweeper by William Blake & Charlotte O(TM) Neil(TM)s Song ...

    In this verse we are told that Tom sees an angel who opened all the coffins and released them this suggests that Tom dreams of becoming free and that one day the bright key which represents freedom will set him free from slavery.

  1. Compare Upon Westminster Bridge and London

    The city was being managed like a giant business and the poor were just the cogs that kept the rich people functioning. The industrial revolution also brought in the invention of trains. The steam train revolutionised the idea of transport, and consequently people became more interested in literature and that brought around the romantics.

  2. By comparing 'The Collar' and 'Holy Sonnet', discuss how the poets show the difficulties ...

    This aspect shows a similarity between the two poems because neither poet feels that he is getting what he wants from God.

  1. Compare the presentation of relationships in "My Last Duchess", "Porphyria's Lover" and "The Laboratory".

    This is vital; because through their relationship the reader learns that the Duke is planning to re-marry and is in the process of choosing himself a new wife, "his fair daughter's self, as I avowed at starting, is my object".

  2. Choose three sonnets, which have made a strong impression on you and explain they ...

    "How do I love thee? Let me count the ways" Elizabeth Barrett Browning also starts her sonnet with a question, which she starts to answer right away with all the ways she can express her love and how she can still love.

  1. COMPARISON:Browning's Sonnet 43 and Byron's So, Well Go No More A-Roving

    This poem is remarkable for the biblical imagery. She explains her love for her husband in three-dimensional terms, just like the Israelites who loved god despite their not having seen him. Just like the Israelites she also seems to worship her husband.

  2. Show how "Kubla Khan" and "La Belle Dame sans Merci" create imaginative effects rather ...

    The word ?romantic? describes the chasm in the middle of the beautiful landscape. Coleridge also describes the place as ?savage? and compares it to a ?woman wailing for her demon-lover?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work