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Compare Chapter 1 of Great Expectations, in which Pip first meets the Convict, with Chapter 39, when the Convict returns.

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Compare Chapter 1 of Great Expectations, in which Pip first meets the Convict, with Chapter 39, when the Convict returns In this essay I am going to compare chapters 1 and 39 of the novel "Great Expectations". To do this I shall discuss the different circumstances of the character Pip and convict, the presentation of these two characters, the settings in both chapters and the writers intentions. I shall also look at how the novel depicts life in the 19th century. Chapter 1 begins in a dark graveyard, quite an unwelcoming place. This bleak place overgrown with nettles This graveyard is situated on the marshes, which surround a river. The marshes are riddled with ditches and dykes and there are cattle grazing nearby. There is also a light beacon as the marshes are just 20 miles from the sea. These beacons, which were lit by hand, give an idea of 19th century life in comparison to today, as in the modern world we use automated, electric lighthouses. Also on the marshes, there is a wooden structure called a gibbet. This was used to hang convicts. This also reflects part of nineteenth century life as, nowadays there would be no place for public hangings as the death penalty in Britain has been abolished. The weather in chapter 1 was extremely bitter. It is stormy evening, just as the sun is setting, which makes it quite dark. ...read more.


In chapter 1 we are told Pip is an orphan. We are not told this directly, but by being told, " my first fancies regarding what they were like, were unreasonably derived from their tombstones" we know his parents are dead. He also had five brothers all now dead as well. The names of his brothers, Alexander, Bartholomew, Abraham, Tobias and Roger, are typical names for the time the book is set. Pip lives with his sister, Mrs Joe Gargery, and her husband, Joe, who is a blacksmith. Pip is quite a young boy, probably about ten or eleven years old, and has little education. He is able to read, which is shown when he reads his parents tombstones, but that is about as far as his education stretches. At the beginning of the chapter, when Pip is in the graveyard, he feels alone and lonely. Although these words seem similar, they are not. You could be in a room with forty people and still be lonely but not alone. Pip's circumstances change greatly from chapter 1 to chapter 39. While he is still a boy he begins to visit an old lady called Miss Havisham. On these visits he meets two significant people, Estella and Herbert Pocket. After a few years these visits stop and Pip is apprenticed to Joe, until a mystery benefactor gives him a substantial amount of money, which changes his life. ...read more.


While he is there he has many jobs, including sheep farming. Every penny he earns he puts into a sort of trust fund in order to give it to Pip to push him up the rungs of the social ladder. Yes, Pip, dear boy, I've made a gentleman on you! It's me wot has done it. I swore that time sure as ever I earned a guinea, that guinea should go to you. During the time between chapter 1 and 39 the Convict leads a solitary life. He moves around in search of jobs and money, he sleeps rough so his money could be given to Pip and he goes hungry for the same reason. I lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard, that you should be above work. In Australia, the man that the convict works for dies, leaving the Convict some money. This is used for various other ventures in order to earn money. All this money the Convict sends to Mr. Jaggers in England, so it can be given to Pip when he comes of age. From that there hut and that there hiring out I got money left me by my master (which died, and had been the same as me) and got my liberty and went for myself. Overall, since his encounter with Pip in chapter 1, the convict seems to have made great efforts to become respectable, not for his sake but for Pip's. In chapter 1 Ashley Doherty 10/05/2007 1 ...read more.

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